A Systematic Review of the Impact of Genetic Counseling on Risk Perception Accuracy

@article{Smerecnik2008ASR,
  title={A Systematic Review of the Impact of Genetic Counseling on Risk Perception Accuracy},
  author={Chris M. R. Smerecnik and I. Mesters and E. Verweij and N. D. de Vries and H. de Vries},
  journal={Journal of Genetic Counseling},
  year={2008},
  volume={18}
}
This review presents an overview of the impact of genetic counseling on risk perception accuracy in papers published between January 2000 and February 2007. The results suggest that genetic counseling may have a positive impact on risk perception accuracy, though some studies observed no impact at all, or only for low-risk participants. Several implications for future research can be deduced. First, future researchers should link risk perception changes to objective risk estimates, define risk… Expand
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These cancer genetic counseling recommendations describe the medical, psychosocial, and ethical ramifications of identifying at-risk individuals through cancer risk assessment with or without geneticExpand
Risk perception and cancer worry: an exploratory study of the impact of genetic risk counselling in women with a family history of breast cancer
TLDR
Women were found to adopt a more accurate perception of their risk without an increase in scores on general measures of anxiety at any time point post-counselling, and there was a suggestion from questionnaire data that women with an accurate appraisal of risk had the best levels of mental health and psychiatric diagnoses derived by interview. Expand
Effects of genetic consultation on perception of a family risk of breast/ovarian cancer and determinants of inaccurate perception after the consultation.
TLDR
Cancer genetic consultations had only marginal effects on the perception of family risk on the whole, although they were significant in the case of low- and moderate-risk women, and inaccurate perceptions varied, depending on the clinics and on the psychosocial context. Expand
The impact of genetic counselling on risk perception in women with a family history of breast cancer.
TLDR
Assessment of risk perception in women with a family history of breast cancer found that post-counsel women were significantly more likely to retain information if they were sent a post-clinic letter or if they assessed their personal risk as too high initially. Expand
What is the impact of genetic counselling in women at increased risk of developing hereditary breast cancer? A meta-analytic review.
TLDR
The efficacy of genetic counselling was demonstrated in meeting two of its objectives: reducing women's anxiety levels and improving the accuracy of their perceived risk. Expand
The facilitating role of information provided in genetic counseling for counselees' decisions
TLDR
Findings may help develop guidelines for identifying clients prior to counseling for whom making reproduction-related decisions will be difficult, and for tailoring information that will help such clients reach a decision. Expand
Risk communication in completed series of breast cancer genetic counseling visits
TLDR
Findings suggest that counselors' authority prevails over mutuality with individual counselees, in their communication about risks, in the field of breast cancer genetic counseling. Expand
Assessment of Psychosocial Outcomes in Genetic Counseling Research: An Overview of Available Measurement Scales
TLDR
Many of the measurement scales currently used in genetic counseling outcomes research are described and evaluated to ensure that the strengths and limitations inherent to each instrument warrant careful consideration prior to implementation. Expand
Genetic counselling and the intention to undergo prophylactic mastectomy: effects of a breast cancer risk assessment
TLDR
Important determinants of the intention for prophylactic mastectomy were precounselling levels of breast cancer worry and perceived risk, suggesting that genetic counselling is only one event in the entire process of decision making. Expand
Genetic Counseling Outcomes: Perceived Risk and Distress After Counseling for Hereditary Colorectal Cancer
TLDR
The findings suggest counseling interventions that should increase the likelihood of screening and offer hypotheses for future research. Expand
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