A Systematic Review of Interventions Used to Treat Catatonic Symptoms in People with Autistic Spectrum Disorders

  title={A Systematic Review of Interventions Used to Treat Catatonic Symptoms in People with Autistic Spectrum Disorders},
  author={Hannah Dejong and Penny Bunton and Dougal J. Hare},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
A systematic review was conducted to examine the efficacy of a range of treatments for autistic catatonia. The review identified 22 relevant papers, reporting a total of 28 cases including both adult and paediatric patients. Treatment methods included electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), medication, behavioural and sensory interventions. Quality assessment found the standard of the existing literature to be generally poor, with particular limitations in treatment description and outcome measurement… 

Electroconvulsive Therapy in Children and Adolescents

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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) for Autism Spectrum Disorder Associated with Catatonia and Self-Injury: a Clinical Review

There appears to be sufficient evidence that supports therapeutic benefits from ECT in persons with ASD, catatonia, and self-injury, and more rigorous clinical research is necessary particularly concerning optimization of maintenance ECT to maximize benefit and monitor for any adverse response.

Electroconvulsive Treatment for Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorders.

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Electroconvulsive therapy could be a potentially beneficial intervention in patients with ASD and severe challenging behaviors associated with catatonic symptoms including agitated or excited forms of catatonia.

Catatonia in Down syndrome: systematic approach to diagnosis, treatment and outcome assessment based on a case series of seven patients

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Electroconvulsive Therapy in Adolescents With the Catatonia Syndrome: Efficacy and Ethics

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Catatonia in autistic spectrum disorders

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Onset of catatonia at puberty: electroconvulsive therapy response in two autistic adolescents.

2 patients with autism and mental retardation who developed catatonic symptoms at the onset of puberty are reported who were treated with electroconvulsive therapy resulting in a positive response and functional improvement.

The effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy: A literature review

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Psychological approaches to chronic catatonia-like deterioration in autism spectrum disorders.

Electroconvulsive therapy use in adolescents: a systematic review

Risks can be mitigated by the correct use of the technique and are considered minimal when compared to the efficiency of ECT in treating psychopathologies.

Maintenance electroconvulsive therapy in autistic catatonia: A case series review

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Case-reports support that stressful events often precede the development of catatonia in autistic people and that cat atonia in autism is a treatable syndrome, often requiring psychosocial interventions to reduce anxiety, and the use of benzodiazepines, electroconvulsive therapy, and maintenance electro Convulsive therapy for safe reversal.