A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis Evaluating the Efficacy of a Gluten‐Free Diet and a Low FODMAPS Diet in Treating Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

@article{Dionne2018ASR,
  title={A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis Evaluating the Efficacy of a Gluten‐Free Diet and a Low FODMAPS Diet in Treating Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome},
  author={Joanna C. Dionne and Alexander Charles Ford and Yuhong Yuan and William D. Chey and Brian E. Lacy and Yuri A Saito and Eamonn M M Quigley and Paul Moayyedi},
  journal={American Journal of Gastroenterology},
  year={2018},
  volume={113},
  pages={1290–1300}
}
OBJECTIVE: Dietary triggers such as gluten and highly fermentable oligo‐, di‐ and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP)‐containing foods have been associated with worsening irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. [] Key Method Two independent reviewers screened citations and a third reviewer resolved disagreement. Two independent reviewers performed eligibility assessment and data abstraction.

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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
Food is both trigger of IBS symptoms and therapeutic tool, and FODMAPs that are well tolerated should be reintroduced in daily diet to increase acceptability of the diet, and limit potentially harmful effects.

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TLDR
Taking a diet of lower gluten intake into account in IBS prevention and clinical practice is suggested, suggesting GFD might be a protective factor of IBS.

The low-FODMAP diet as an effective tool for managing irritable bowel syndrome - an assessment of adult patients' knowledge of dietary guidelines.

TLDR
The surveyed population was characterized by high levels of knowledge about the low-FODMAP diet, but many respondents did not strictly comply with dietary guidelines, in particular the duration of each dietary phase.
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