A Synthesis of Quantitative Research on Programs for Struggling Readers in Elementary Schools

  title={A Synthesis of Quantitative Research on Programs for Struggling Readers in Elementary Schools},
  author={Amanda J Neitzel and Cynthia Lake and Marta Pellegrini and Robert E. Slavin},
  journal={Reading Research Quarterly},
This article reviews research on the outcomes of diverse reading programs on the achievement of struggling readers in elementary schools. Sixty-five studies of 51 different programs met rigorous standards. Eighty-three percent were randomized experiments and 17% quasi-experiments. Outcomes were positive for one-to-one tutoring and were positive but not as large for one-to-small group tutoring. There were no differences in outcomes between teachers and teaching assistants as tutors. Whole-class… Expand

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