A Survey of Propulsion Options for Cargo and Piloted Missions to Mars

@article{Sankaran2004ASO,
  title={A Survey of Propulsion Options for Cargo and Piloted Missions to Mars},
  author={Kameshwaran Sankaran and Leonard D. Cassady and Andrea Kodys and Edgar Choueiri},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  year={2004},
  volume={1017}
}
Abstract: In this paper, high‐power electric propulsion options are surveyed in the context of cargo and piloted missions to Mars. A low‐thrust trajectory optimization program (raptor) is utilized to analyze this mission. Candidate thrusters are chosen based upon demonstrated performance in the laboratory. Hall, self‐field magnetoplasmadynamic (MPDT), self‐field lithium Lorentz force accelerator (LiLFA), arcjet, and applied‐field LiLFA systems are considered for this mission. In this first… 
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