A Survey of Digital Computer Memory Systems

  title={A Survey of Digital Computer Memory Systems},
  author={J. P. Eckert},
  journal={Proceedings of the IEEE},
  • J. P. Eckert
  • Published 1997
  • Computer Science
  • Proceedings of the IEEE
Many types of storage and memory systems have been proposed for use in digital computing systems. This survey paper discusses only the various systems whose reaction time is faster than hurman reaction time, employing a historical approach to the subject. Criteria for evaluation are discussed, and comparisons given among the different systems as to general applicability, ease of construction and use, speed of operation, latency time, memory span, and economy. 
Screen History: The Haeff Memory and Graphics Tube
Haeff-type tubes formed the high-speed memory of Whirlwind I but had their greatest impact in graphics and display technology, remaining in widespread use until the 1980s. Haeff seems to have beenExpand
Screen History: The Haeff Memory and Graphics Tube
The ENIAC, which first ran in December 1945, highlighted not only the vast potential of electronic computation, but also the need for an economic, high-capacity read/write memory device able toExpand
Trends in semiconductor memories
Despite their great market success, DRAMs have not kept pace with microprocessor improvements, so researchers are looking to advanced high-speed DRAM and merged DRAM/logic technologies to increaseExpand
Simulation-driven exploration of NVM as a substitute for DRAM in the main memory = Explorando a substituição de DRAM por NVM na memória principal através de simulação
This work presents a simulator to explore the usage of NVMs in the main memory, and shows that, although persistent data can be manipulated directly, there are cases in which it is still better to work with transient copies, depending on the frequency of usage of the persistent data. Expand
Computational principles of memory
This Review surveys theoretical principles that can allow the brain to construct persistent states for memory and identifies requirements that a memory system must satisfy and analyze existing models and hypothesized biological substrates in light of these requirements. Expand
Multi-level memristive memory with resistive networks
  • A. Irmanova, A. P. James
  • Computer Science
  • 2017 IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on Postgraduate Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PrimeAsia)
  • 2017
A new design of discrete state memory cell consisting of sub-cells constructed from a memristor and its resistive network and this realization of multilevel memory provides increased number of output levels compared to previous designs of memory technologies based on memristors. Expand
The Neuron as a Controlled Toggle Circuit
This model of a recursive neuron is modeled with excitatory and inhibitory triggering, and is shown to be capable of controlled toggling, and so promises energy-efficient, massively parallel computing. Expand
Argonne national laboratory and the emergence of computer and computational science, 1946--1992 (illinois)
This dissertation uses the Applied Mathematics Division of Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) as a window to explore the emergence of computer and computational science as independent scientific disciplines and the efforts to integrate computers---and their attendant personnel---into the scientific process. Expand
Programming on the Univac 1: A Woman's Account
The author's account of her programming experience on the Universal Automatic Computer (Univac 1), for the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation reveals much about the early workplace conditions - namely, a workplace surprisingly free of restrictions in an era when most married women with children did not work outside of the home. Expand
SoC and SiP, the Yin and Yang of the Tao for the New Electronic Era
This paper is a discussion about the main items that can lead to the choice of the right approach-SiP or SoC-before a system design start, and how to reach a tradeoff among these two approaches. Expand


A storage system for use with binary-digital computing machines
The requirement for digital computing machines of large storage capacity has led to the development of a storage system in which the digits are represented by a charge pattern on the screen of aExpand
An experimental rapid access memory using diodes and capacitors
  • A. W. Holt
  • Computer Science, Engineering
  • ACM '52
  • 1952
This paper presents information on the developmental phase of a new type of memory which stores information on discrete capacitors which it is hoped will offer an order of reliability which is new in the field of high-speed parallel memories. Expand
The Binac
The Binac was the first high-speed electronic digital computer of its type to be completed. It consists of a main computing section, input-output equipment, and a mercury delay-line memory ofExpand
Mercury Delay Line Memory Using a Pulse Rate of Several Megacycles
A mercury delay line memory system for electronic computers, capable of operating at pulse repetition rates of several megacycles per second, has been developed. The high repetition rate results in aExpand
An Electrostatic-Tube Storage System
A storage system which will store binary (on or off) pulses has been constructed, and should prove useful in laboratory studies of certain communication problems. The system comprises two storageExpand
A Coincident-Current Magnetic Memory Cell for the Storage of Digital Information
A small, ring-shaped, ferromagnetic core with properly "rectangular" B-H characteristics may be operated so that its flux polarity reverses only when the correct combination of two or threeExpand
Lead networks utilizing a saturable core memory
  • D. G. Scorgie
  • Engineering
  • Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Part II: Applications and Industry
  • 1952
AUTOMATIC feedback control systems have been deeply explored and widely discussed throughout the literature. This paper will discuss special circuits which are peculiarly adaptable to such systems.Expand
Magnetic Delay-Line Storage
  • An Wang
  • Materials Science
  • Proceedings of the IRE
  • 1951
Recent developments established that binary information could be stored and read out in a magnetic medium statically by electrical pulses only. A number of these magnetic cores are connected togetherExpand
A Dynamically Regenerated Electrostatic Memory System
In an electrostatic memory system, the words are stored as charge patterns on the screen of a cathode-ray tube. Memory is extended by a systematic regeneration process. All experiments were performedExpand
Encyclopedia of Computer Science
This new edition of the Encyclopedia of Computer Science has 2,000 pages containing over 600 fully-updated articles by internationally-known computing experts, and over 100 new articles covering emerging, cutting-edge subjects. Expand