A Survey of COVID-19 Contact Tracing Apps

@article{Ahmed2020ASO,
  title={A Survey of COVID-19 Contact Tracing Apps},
  author={Nadeem Ahmed and Regio A. Michelin and Wanli Xue and Sushmita Ruj and Robert A. Malaney and Salil S. Kanhere and Aruna Prasad Seneviratne and Wenchuang Walter Hu and Helge Janicke and Sanjay Kumar Jha},
  journal={IEEE Access},
  year={2020},
  volume={8},
  pages={134577-134601}
}
The recent outbreak of COVID-19 has taken the world by surprise, forcing lockdowns and straining public health care systems. COVID-19 is known to be a highly infectious virus, and infected individuals do not initially exhibit symptoms, while some remain asymptomatic. Thus, a non-negligible fraction of the population can, at any given time, be a hidden source of transmissions. In response, many governments have shown great interest in smartphone contact tracing apps that help automate the… Expand
A Study on Contact Tracing Apps for Covid-19: Privacy and Security Perspective
TLDR
It is found that 23 percent of contact tracing apps currently implemented do not provide privacy policy in their documentation, and it is believed that these comprehensive evaluation and specific suggestions will lead to creation and implementation of solutions towards Covid-19. Expand
Critical Overview of the Use of Contact Tracing Apps in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Contact tracing determines the chain of contacts of an infected person to isolate them. Implementing contact tracing requires an enormous effort that generally falls on the different governments andExpand
Mass Tracking in Cellular Networks for the COVID-19 Pandemic Monitoring
TLDR
An overview of the possibilities offered by cellular networks for the massive tacking of the population at different levels is shown and a specific use case is shown, correlating mobility and number of cases in the province of Málaga (Spain). Expand
Digital Surveillance Systems for Tracing COVID-19: Privacy and Security Challenges with Recommendations
TLDR
The recently designed and developed digital surveillance system applications with their protocols deployed in several countries around the world and their privacy and security challenges are discussed as well as analyzed from the viewpoint of privacy acts. Expand
Draft paper, 17 November 2020 Risk and Inherent Safety: A Reassessment of Digital Contact Tracing
At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, high hopes were put on digital contact tracing. Digital contact tracing apps can now be downloaded in many countries, but as second waves of COVID-19 tearExpand
PURE: A Framework for Analyzing Proximity-based Contact Tracing Protocols
TLDR
This paper identifies a list of desired properties of a contact tracing design from the four aspects of Privacy, Utility, Resiliency, and Efficiency (PURE) and two main design choices for PCT protocols: what information patients report to the server, and which party performs the matching. Expand
The (Lacking) User Adoption of COVID-19 Contact Tracing Apps – Insights from Switzerland and Germany
COVID-19 contact tracing apps are one of the best tools we currently have available to avoid a potential second wave of COVID-19. However, sufficient critical mass in terms of uptake is required forExpand
Towards Mass Adoption of Contact Tracing Apps - Learning from Users' Preferences to Improve App Design
TLDR
It is concluded that adding goal-congruent features will play an important role in fostering mass adoption and confirming the privacy-preserving design of most European contact tracing apps and providing a more nuanced understanding of acceptable features. Expand
A Generic Approach for Allocating Movement Permits During/Outside Curfew Period during COVID-19
TLDR
The paper results showed that the proposed strategy of social distancing inside buildings is effective enough to flatten the curve, and health authorities are not required to recommend staying home to slow the spread of COVID-19. Expand
User Concerns & Tradeoffs in Technology-facilitated COVID-19 Response
TLDR
This article details a framework of inputs to a user’s decision to adopt a COVID-19 contact-tracing app or other CO VID-19 technology along four major axes: technology benefits, solution accuracy, privacy considerations, and mobile-related costs. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 89 REFERENCES
The pact protocol specifications,’
  • Private Automated Contact Tracing Team,
  • 2020
BlueTrace: A privacy-preserving protocol for community-driven contact tracing across borders
TraceTogether is the first national deployment of a Bluetooth-based contact tracing system in the world. It was developed by Singapore’s Government Technology Agency and the Ministry of Health toExpand
ConTra Corona: Contact Tracing against the Coronavirus by Bridging the Centralized - Decentralized Divide for Stronger Privacy
TLDR
Among other additional security measures, this work detail how the use of secret sharing can prevent the unnecessary and potentially panic-inducing warning of contacts that have only been around the infected person for a very brief time period. Expand
DESIRE: A Third Way for a European Exposure Notification System Leveraging the best of centralized and decentralized systems
TLDR
This document presents an evolution of the ROBERT protocol that decentralizes most of its operations on the mobile devices and introduces the concept of Private Encounter Tokens, that are secret and cryptographically generated, to encode encounters to improve the privacy of the scheme against malicious users and authority. Expand
Epione: Lightweight Contact Tracing with Strong Privacy
TLDR
Epione is introduced, a lightweight system for contact tracing with strong privacy protections and a new cryptographic tool for secure two-party private set intersection cardinality (PSI-CA), which allows two parties, each holding a set of items, to learn the intersection size of two private sets without revealing intersection items. Expand
TCN Protocol for Decentralized, Privacy-Preserving Contact Tracing
  • Accessed: Jun. 15,
  • 2020
Towards Defeating Mass Surveillance and SARS-CoV-2: The Pronto-C2 Fully Decentralized Automatic Contact Tracing System
TLDR
Taking into account the privacy and integrity vulnerabilities of DP-3T systems, the design of a decentralized contact tracing system named Pronto-C2 is shown that has better resilience against various attacks. Expand
Dp-3t
  • https://github.com/DP-3T.
DP-3T
  • Accessed: Jun. 15,
  • 2020
Covid notions: Towards formal definitions – and documented understanding – of privacy goals and claimed protection in proximity-tracing services
TLDR
This initial overview indicates that all proposals include some centralized services, and none protects identity and (co-)locations of infected users perfectly from both other users and the service provider. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...