A Survey Method for Characterizing Daily Life Experience: The Day Reconstruction Method

  title={A Survey Method for Characterizing Daily Life Experience: The Day Reconstruction Method},
  author={Daniel Kahneman and Alan B. Krueger and David A. Schkade and Norbert Schwarz and Arthur A. Stone},
  pages={1776 - 1780}
The Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) assesses how people spend their time and how they experience the various activities and settings of their lives, combining features of time-budget measurement and experience sampling. Participants systematically reconstruct their activities and experiences of the preceding day with procedures designed to reduce recall biases. The DRM's utility is shown by documenting close correspondences between the DRM reports of 909 employed women and established results… 
Review of the Day Reconstruction Method (DRM)
The Day Reconstruction Method (DRM) for assessing daily experience and subjective well-being is reviewed. The DRM is a promising method as it assesses feelings within situations and activities, and
Using the Day Reconstruction Method - Same Results when Used at the End of the Day or on the Next Day?
The day reconstruction method (DRM; Kahneman et al. A survey method for characterizing daily life experience: The day reconstruction method. Science, 306, 1776–1780, 2004) constitutes a frequently
A new statistical model for the Day Reconstruction Method
Researchers using DRM for assessing well‐being status across time should include the type of activities and the friendliness of the interacting partners, as well as the time‐of‐day effect.
A direct comparison of the day reconstruction method (DRM) and the experience sampling method (ESM).
It is suggested that for many common purposes, the DRM does not provide the same information as the experience sampling method, ESM.
The Validity of the Day Reconstruction Method in the German Socio-economic Panel Study
Evidence is provided that a random-sampling approach to DRM assessment can provide useful data that are largely consistent with previous research that used the full version of the DRM.
Validation of a Brief Yesterday Measure of Hedonic Well-Being and Daily Activities: Comparison with the Day Reconstruction Method
Comparing the two questionnaire formats in 45 adults who completed both a DRM and a “hybrid” short form (HSF) questionnaire that included a very brief procedure to reconstruct yesterday’s events found that the mean HSF ratings tended to overestimate HWB in comparison to the DRM, though effects were generally small to moderate.
Using the Day Reconstruction Method to Quantify Time Spent Suffering Among Older Adults with Chronic Pain
The Day Reconstruction Method was extended to also measure suffering from negative symptoms, such as pain and fatigue, in 122 older adults, most of whom suffer from chronic pain, and indicated that the method was well tolerated in this population.
A Comparison of Affect Ratings Obtained with Ecological Momentary Assessment and the Day Reconstruction Method
It is concluded that the DRM provides reasonably reliable estimates both of the intensity of affect and variations in affect over the day, so is a valuable instrument for the measurement of everyday experience in health and social research.
The question regarding daily travel and activities implication to individuals’ well-being was heavily debated from past decades. This research is motivated by relationship between travel, activity,
Reconstructing experiences with iScale


Validity and reliability of the Experience-Sampling Method.
To understand the dynamics of mental health, it is essential to develop measures for the frequency and the patterning of mental processes in every-day-life situations. The Experience-Sampling Method
A comparison of coping assessed by ecological momentary assessment and retrospective recall.
Examination of the correspondence between short-term (within 48 hr) retrospective coping reports and momentary reports recorded via a palm-top computer close in time to when the stressor occurred found that cognitive coping was more likely to be underreported retrospectively; behavior coping was overreported.
Toward National Well-Being Accounts
Economists have traditionally eschewed direct measures of well-being on methodological grounds: the private nature of experience and the discomfort of making interpersonal comparisons. Instead,
The structure of autobiographical memory and the event history calendar: potential improvements in the quality of retrospective reports in surveys.
By reflecting the structure of autobiographical memory, the use of event history calenders has considerable potential in assisting respondents to reconstruct their personal pasts more completely and accurately, maximising the quality of retrospective reports.
Social Indicators of Well-Being: Americans' Perceptions of Life Quality
1: Introduction.- Social Indicators.- Characteristics of Social Indicators.- Quality of Life.- Objective and Subjective Indicators.- The Research Problem.- Research Goals.- Usefulness.- Basic
Back to Bentham? Explorations of experience utility
Two core meanings of "utility" are distinguished. "Decision utility" is the weight of an outcome in a decision. "Experienced utility" is hedonic quality, as in Bentham's usage. Experienced utility
Health status measures: an overview and guide for selection.
An operational definition of health is essential before the health level or health status of an individual or a population can be assessed and arriving at such a definition has become increasingly difficult as the emphasis of medical and health care has shifted from decrease in mortality and increase in longevity to improvement in the health-related quality of life.
Does Living in California Make People Happy? A Focusing Illusion in Judgments of Life Satisfaction
Large samples of students in the Midwest and in Southern California rated satisfaction with life overall as well as with various aspects of life, for either themselves or someone similar to
Belief and feeling: evidence for an accessibility model of emotional self-report.
An accessibility model is offered that specifies the types of factors that contribute to emotional self-reports under different reporting conditions and suggests some new directions for research.
Choices, Values, and Frames
We discuss the cognitive and the psy- chophysical determinants of choice in risky and risk- less contexts. The psychophysics of value induce risk aversion in the domain of gains and risk seeking in