A Suicide Right for the Mentally Ill? A Swiss Case Opens a New Debate

@article{Appel2007ASR,
  title={A Suicide Right for the Mentally Ill? A Swiss Case Opens a New Debate},
  author={Jacob M. Appel},
  journal={Hastings Center Report},
  year={2007},
  volume={37},
  pages={21 - 23}
}
  • J. Appel
  • Published 6 May 2007
  • Psychology
  • Hastings Center Report
Advocates for the legalization of assisted suicide in the United States, including those who sponsored Oregon's Death with Dignity Act in 1994 and current backers of California's proposed Compassionate Choices Act, have sought to permit the practice only under highly limited circumstances--namely, when the requesting patient is terminally ill. (1) In contrast, the Netherlands allows physician-assisted suicide in nonterminal cases of "lasting and unbearable" suffering, and Belgium authorizes… 
Physician-assisted suicide in psychiatry and loss of hope.
Assisted dying requests from people in detention: Psychiatric, ethical, and legal considerations–A literature review
TLDR
This review compares different practices for dealing with requests for assisted dying from people in prison and forensic psychiatric facilities and discusses the current ethical and psychiatric issues concerning assisted dying in such settings.
Physician Aid-in-Dying and Suicide Prevention in Psychiatry: A Moral Crisis?
TLDR
It is suggested that the suffering of persons with mental illness does not justify ending their own lives, ruling out PAD, and the most reasonable accommodation might seem to be to allow PAD for persons withmental illness whose suffering is severe enough to justify self-killing, but prohibit PAD on the basis of persons' suffering is less severe.
Mental Illness, Natural Death, and Non-Voluntary Passive Euthanasia
TLDR
It is argued that the suicidal death of a non-competent psychiatric patient would necessarily be less natural than those of physically ill or injured patients who die as a result of non-voluntary passive euthanasia.
A Conceptual Framework for Thinking About Physician-assisted Death for Persons With a Mental Disorder
TLDR
It is argued that based on the state of the literature, it is too early to make well-defined recommendations on how relevant fields can proceed legally, ethically, and clinically, particularly with regard to PAD for persons with a mental disorder.
Furthering the Discussion on a Physician-Assisted Dying Right for the Mentally Ill: Commentary on Karesa and McBride (2016)
In June 2016, Canada joined the handful of nations that have legalized physician-assisted dying (PAD). Yet, with legislation restricting PAD to the terminally ill, many have been left contending for
Mental Illness, Lack of Autonomy, and Physician-Assisted Death
TLDR
It is concluded that the idea that physician- assisted death can be acceptable in some cases of psychiatric patients who lack autonomy ought to be taken into account in assessing the moral and legal acceptability of physician-assisted death.
Euthanasia and eudaimonia
  • D. Shaw
  • Philosophy
    Journal of Medical Ethics
  • 2009
TLDR
This paper re-evaluates euthanasia and assisted suicide from the perspective of eudaimonia, the ancient Greek conception of happiness across one’s whole life, and offers an explanation of why the paper thinks killing can be a benefit.
The slippery slope of euthanasia
It is argued that the “slippery slope” that could be created after the legalization of euthanasia and assisted suicide could open the door to euthanasia practices that go beyond those permitted by
Irremediable Psychiatric Suffering in the Context of Physician-assisted Death: A Scoping Review of Arguments: La souffrance psychiatrique irrémédiable dans le contexte du suicide assisté : Une revue étendue des arguments
TLDR
Three main arguments concerning irremediability were found in the debate about PAD of PPD: uncertainty, hope, and treatment refusal, and which level of certainty is morally required should be the subject of moral deliberation.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-8 OF 8 REFERENCES
Suicide, Euthanasia, and the Psychiatrist
TLDR
The historical and cross-cultural aspects of suicide and euthanasia are reviewed to show how attitudes toward these practices have varied over time and place and the bioethical literature concerning voluntary death is assessed.
Assisted suicide and euthanasia in Switzerland: allowing a role for non-physicians
TLDR
This article discusses the debate about decriminalisation of euthanasia in Switzerland, which has an unusual position on assisted suicide: it is legally condoned and can be performed by non-physicians.
For a discussion of the increased emphasis that psychiatry places on suicide prevention, see
  • The Independent
  • 1998
Mentally Ill Now Included in Swiss Assisted Suicide Laws
  • 2A.48/2006 of the Federal High Court of Switzerland. 5
Les Patients Psychiques Ont Droit a l’Aide au Suicide
  • Par un Medecin,” Le Temps, February
  • 2007
Swiss Clinic Wants to Offer Assisted Suicide to the Mentally Ill,
  • The Independent,
  • 2006
of the 2000-2001 parliamentary session that went into effect
  • Termination of Life on Request and Assisted Suicide Review Procedures Act
Les Patients Psychiques Ont Droit a l'Aide au Suicide. Par un Medecin
  • Le Temps