A Study of `Failure' with a `Successful Innovation': Joseph Day and the Two-Stroke Internal-Combustion Engine

  title={A Study of `Failure' with a `Successful Innovation': Joseph Day and the Two-Stroke Internal-Combustion Engine},
  author={Hugh S. Torrens},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  pages={245 - 262}
  • H. Torrens
  • Published 1 May 1992
  • History
  • Social Studies of Science
The life of Joseph Day (1855-1946) demonstrates the complexity of issues behind many `failed innovations'. His 1891 `invention', improved by Cock in 1892, greatly simplified the internal combustion engine. Hopes were high on its introduction that it would succeed in English engine markets which had just been liberalized by the lapse of the all-embracing Otto four-stroke patent. But English shareholders were uninterested in developing this new technology against the hegemony of the steam engine… 
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