A Study of `Failure' with a `Successful Innovation': Joseph Day and the Two-Stroke Internal-Combustion Engine

@article{Torrens1992ASO,
  title={A Study of `Failure' with a `Successful Innovation': Joseph Day and the Two-Stroke Internal-Combustion Engine},
  author={Hugh S. Torrens},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  year={1992},
  volume={22},
  pages={245 - 262}
}
  • H. Torrens
  • Published 1 May 1992
  • History
  • Social Studies of Science
The life of Joseph Day (1855-1946) demonstrates the complexity of issues behind many `failed innovations'. His 1891 `invention', improved by Cock in 1892, greatly simplified the internal combustion engine. Hopes were high on its introduction that it would succeed in English engine markets which had just been liberalized by the lapse of the all-embracing Otto four-stroke patent. But English shareholders were uninterested in developing this new technology against the hegemony of the steam engine… 
Re‐writing the ‘book of blots’: Critical reflections on histories of technological ‘failure’
Abstract Although an interest in technological ‘failure’ has become prominent in recent history of technology, historians have not always clearly articulated the presuppositions of attributing
Do patents enable disclosure? Strategic innovation management of the four-stroke engine
A significant argument in favor of patents is that they enable knowledge disclosure, which compensates for their social cost. Although patent institutions can influence disclosure levels by what they
Conscripting organisms : an ethnography of boundaries. Audiences and reflexivity in academic and consultancy work
This thesis investigates the use of houndedness. claims for credibility and the exploitation o\' reflexive accounting within know ledge w ork. The current literature t'rom the sociology of scientific
‘We were taken by surprise’: body scanners, technology adjustment, and the eradication of failure
This paper analyzes how body scanners were implemented at German airports in 2014 after failing a preliminary trial run in 2010–2011. The paper retraces how this initial failure became possible. It
‘Whose failure counts?’ A critical reflection on definitions of failure for community health volunteers providing HIV self-testing in a community-based HIV/TB intervention study in urban Malawi
TLDR
It is concluded that community interventions should be developed in collaboration with the population and that information guiding success should be clearly defined.
Review of periodical literature published in 1991
TLDR
A configurable logic block (CLB) which includes a function generator, carry logic and a first multiplexer, which provides a larger multiplexing function than that normally available from the function generator.

References

SHOWING 1-7 OF 7 REFERENCES
Engineering Enterprise in Bath and Bristol
AbstractThe history of industrial activity in an area not normally thought of as an engineering stronghold shows how some highly significant engineering developed; up to the 1950s more people were
Medieval Technology and Social Change
This study examines the role of technological innovation during the rise of social groups in the Middle Ages