A Stubbornly Large Mass of Cold Dust in the Ejecta of Supernova 1987A

@article{Matsuura2014ASL,
  title={A Stubbornly Large Mass of Cold Dust in the Ejecta of Supernova 1987A},
  author={Mikako Matsuura and Eli Dwek and Michael J. Barlow and Brian L. Babler and Maarten Baes and Margaret Meixner and Jos{\'e} Cernicharo and Geoffrey C. Clayton and Loretta Dunne and Claes Fransson and Jacopo Fritz and Walter Gear and Haley L. Gomez and Martin A. T. Groenewegen and Remy Indebetouw and R. J. Ivison and Anders Jerkstrand and Vianney Lebouteiller and Tanya L. Lim and Peter Lundqvist and Chris Pearson and Julia Roman-Duval and Pierre Royer and Lister Staveley-Smith and B. M. Swinyard P.A.M. van Hoof and Jacco Th. van Loon and J. Verstappen and Roger Wesson and Giovanna Zanardo and Joris Blommaert and Leen Decin and William T. Reach and George Sonneborn and Griet Van de Steene and Jeremy A. Yates Ucl and NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and University of Wisconsin and Universiteit Gent and Space Telescope Sceince Institute and CSIC-INTA and Louisiana State University and University of Canterbury and Institute for Astronomy and University of Edinburgh and Stockholm University and Cardiff University and Koninklijke Sterrenwacht van Belgie and University of Virginia and National Radio Astronomy Observatory and Eso - Garching and Queen's University of Belfast and Saclay and Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and Univ. of Western Australia and Caastro and Keele University and Kapteyn Astronomical Institute and European Southern Observatory and Santiago Vrije Universiteit Brussel and Nasa Ames Research Center},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
  year={2014},
  volume={800},
  pages={50-57}
}
We present new Herschel photometric and spectroscopic observations of Supernova 1987A, carried out in 2012. Our dedicated photometric measurements provide new 70 micron data and improved imaging quality at 100 and 160 micron compared to previous observations in 2010. Our Herschel spectra show only weak CO line emission, and provide an upper limit for the 63 micron [O I] line flux, eliminating the possibility that line contaminations distort the previously estimated dust mass. The far-infrared… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The dust mass in Cassiopeia A from a spatially resolved Herschel analysis
Theoretical models predict that core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe) can be efficient dust producers (0.1–1.0 M⊙), potentially accounting for most of the dust production in the early Universe.Expand
THE EVOLUTION OF DUST MASS IN THE EJECTA OF SN 1987A
We present a new analysis of the infrared (IR) emission from the ejecta of SN 1987A covering days 615, 775, 1144, 8515, and 9090 after the explosion. We show that the observations are consistent withExpand
Dust masses for SN 1980K, SN1993J and Cassiopeia A from red-blue emission line asymmetries
We present Monte Carlo line transfer models that investigate the effects of dust on the very late time emission line spectra of the core collapse supernovae SN 1980K and SN 1993J and the young coreExpand
The Remnant of Supernova 1987A
Although it has faded by a factor of ∼107, SN 1987A is still bright enough to be observed in almost every band of the electromagnetic spectrum. Today, the bolometric luminosity of the debris isExpand
Constraining early-time dust formation in core-collapse supernovae
There is currently a severe discrepancy between theoretical models of dust formation in core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe), which predict ≳0.01M⊙ of ejecta dust forming within ∼1000 d, and observationsExpand
The mass, location, and heating of the dust in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant
We model the thermal dust emission from dust grains heated by synchrotron radiation and by particle collisions, under conditions appropriate for four different shocked and unshocked gas components ofExpand
A complete catalogue of dusty supernova remnants in the Galactic plane
We search for far-infrared (FIR) counterparts of known supernova remnants (SNRs) in the Galactic plane (360° in longitude and $b = \pm \, 1^{\circ }$) at 70–500 μm with Herschel. We detect dustExpand
A decade of ejecta dust formation in the Type IIn SN 2005ip
In order to understand the contribution of core-collapse supernovae to the dust budget of the early universe, it is important to understand not only the mass of dust that can form in core-collapseExpand
Infrared Continuum and Line Evolution of the Equatorial Ring around SN 1987A
Spitzer observations of SN 1987A have now spanned more than a decade. Since day ~4,000, mid-infrared (mid-IR) emission has been dominated by that from shock-heated dust in the equatorial ring (ER).Expand
A Massive Shell of Supernova-Formed Dust in SNR G54.1+0.3
While theoretical dust condensation models predict that most refractory elements produced in core-collapse supernovae (SNe) efficiently condense into dust, a large quantity of dust has so far onlyExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 69 REFERENCES
A COOL DUST FACTORY IN THE CRAB NEBULA: A HERSCHEL * STUDY OF THE FILAMENTS
Whether supernovae are major sources of dust in galaxies is a long-standing debate. We present infrared and submillimeter photometry and spectroscopy from the Herschel Space Observatory of the CrabExpand
Herschel Detects a Massive Dust Reservoir in Supernova 1987A
TLDR
Observations of supernova 1987A reveal the presence of a population of cold dust grains radiating with a temperature of about 17 to 23 kelvin at a rate of about 220 times the luminosity of the Sun, implying that supernovae can produce the large dust masses detected in young galaxies at very high redshifts. Expand
Dust Production and Particle Acceleration in Supernova 1987A Revealed with ALMA
Supernova (SN) explosions are crucial engines driving the evolution of galaxies by shock heating gas, increasing the metallicity, creating dust, and accelerating energetic particles. In 2012 we usedExpand
Interstellar and Ejecta Dust in the Cas A Supernova Remnant
Infrared continuum observations provide a means of investigating the physical composition of the dust in the ejecta and swept up medium of the Cas A supernova remnant. Using low resolution SpitzerExpand
CARBON MONOXIDE IN THE COLD DEBRIS OF SUPERNOVA 1987A
We report spectroscopic and imaging observations of rotational transitions of cold CO and SiO in the ejecta of SN1987A, the first such emission detected in a supernova remnant. In addition to lineExpand
The timing and location of dust formation in the remnant of SN 1987A
The discovery with the Herschel Space Observatory of bright far-infrared and submm emission from the ejecta of the core-collapse supernova SN 1987A has been interpreted as indicating the presence ofExpand
Freshly formed dust in the cassiopeia a supernova remnant as revealed by the Spitzer space telescope
We performed Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph mapping observations covering nearly the entire extent of the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant (SNR), producing mid-infrared (5.5-35 μm) spectra every 5"-10".Expand
A Herschel PACS and SPIRE study of the dust content of the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant
Using the 3.5-m Herschel Space Observatory, imaging photometry of Cas A has been obtained in six bands between 70 and 500 μm with the PACS and SPIRE instruments, with angular resolutions ranging fromExpand
SN 1987A after 18 Years: Mid-Infrared GEMINI and SPITZER Observations of the Remnant
Using the Gemini South 8 m telescope, we obtained high-resolution 11.7 and 18.3 μm mid-IR images of SN 1987A on day 6526 since the explosion. All the emission arises from the equatorial ring. NearlyExpand
High resolution spectroscopy of the inner ring of SN 1987A
Supernovae are some of the most energetic phenomena in the Universe and they have throughout history fascinated people as they appeared as new stars in the sky. Supernova (SN) 1987A exploded in theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...