A Stereotype Boost or Choking Under Pressure? Positive Gender Stereotypes and Men Who Are Low in Domain Identification

  title={A Stereotype Boost or Choking Under Pressure? Positive Gender Stereotypes and Men Who Are Low in Domain Identification},
  author={Jessi L. Smith and Camille S. Johnson},
  journal={Basic and Applied Social Psychology},
  pages={51 - 63}
In 3 studies, we examined the effect of a positive gender stereotype (e.g., men are superior to women in math and computer science) on performance and motivation as a function of domain identification, with a special emphasis on men low in domain identification. Drawing from past research on stereotype boost and choking under pressure, we predicted that for men low in domain identification, performance would ironically suffer in the positive stereotype condition compared to a nullified… 

Choking Under the Pressure of a Positive Stereotype: Gender Identification and Self-Consciousness Moderate Men's Math Test Performance

  • M. Tagler
  • Psychology
    The Journal of social psychology
  • 2012
Whether being the target of a positive social stereotype regarding math ability causes choking among men is examined and gender identification and self-consciousness were hypothesized to moderate the effect of math-gender stereotypes on men's math test performance.

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Numerous studies have demonstrated that fear of confirming negative stereotypes (stereotype threat) can hamper women’s performance in certain mathematical and spatial tasks in which men usually

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This project was designed to examine whether and how achievement goals contribute to the effect of gender stereotypes on women's low expectancies for success on math tasks. Study 1 confirmed

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Domain identification moderates the effect of positive stereotype activation, and Educators should consider how testing situations are constructed, especially when test takers do not identify highly with the domain.

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Achievement gaps between social groups may result from stereotype threat effects but also from stereotype lift effects—the performance boost caused by the awareness that an outgroup is negatively

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According to stereotype threat theory, negative stereotypes impair performance and can lead to reduced motivation. In the present study, we examined whether the female-mathematics stereotype not only

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Research on the effect of stereotype threat has consistently shown that a reduction of stereotype threat due to decreased salience of negative stereotypic expectations in testing situations results

Gender Identification Moderates Stereotype Threat Effects on Women's Math Performance ☆ ☆☆ ★

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When Positive Stereotypes Threaten Intellectual Performance: The Psychological Hazards of “Model Minority” Status

Although people commonly hold positive stereotypes about Asians' mathematical skills, making these stereotypes salient prior to performance can create the potential for “choking” under the pressure of high expectations.

A threat in the air. How stereotypes shape intellectual identity and performance.

  • C. Steele
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1997
Research shows that this threat dramatically depresses the standardized test performance of women and African Americans who are in the academic vanguard of their groups, that it causes disidentification with school, and that practices that reduce this threat can reduce these negative effects.

Stereotype threat and performance: how self-stereotypes influence processing by inducing regulatory foci.

The authors hypothesized that activated self-stereotypes can influence the strategies of task solution by inducing regulatory foci, and showed that positive in-group stereotypes led to more creative performance whereas negative stereotype groups led to better analytical performance.

Consuming Images: How Television Commercials that Elicit Stereotype Threat Can Restrain Women Academically and Professionally

Women in quantitative fields risk being personally reduced to negative stereotypes that allege a sex-based math inability. This situational predicament, termed stereotype threat, can undermine

Stereotype performance boosts: the impact of self-relevance and the manner of stereotype activation.

It is proposed that the subtlety of stereotype activation plays a key role in creating performance boosts among targets and nontargets of stereotypes and the role of self-relevance in mediating sensitivity to stimuli is discussed.

The Costs of Accepting Gender Differences: The Role of Stereotype Endorsement in Women's Experience in the Math Domain

Two studies were designed to examine the costs of stereotype endorsement for women's self-perceptions, career intentions, and susceptibility to stereotype threat in the math domain. Study 1, a survey

Stereotype Threat: Are Lower Status and History of Stigmatization Preconditions of Stereotype Threat?

This research extended stereotype-threat effects outside of the academic domain and to a nonstigmatized group. Female and male students performed three decision tasks: lexical, valence, and affective

Stereotype Susceptibility: Identity Salience and Shifts in Quantitative Performance

Recent studies have documented that performance in a domain is hindered when individuals feel that a sociocultural group to which they belong is negatively stereotyped in that domain. We report that