A State of Underdevelopment: Sovereignty, Nation-Building and Labor in Liberia 1898–1961*

  title={A State of Underdevelopment: Sovereignty, Nation-Building and Labor in Liberia 1898–1961*},
  author={Christopher Whyte},
  journal={International Labor and Working-Class History},
  pages={24 - 46}
  • Christopher Whyte
  • Published 1 November 2017
  • History
  • International Labor and Working-Class History
Abstract In the nineteenth and early twentieth century, Liberia was in the unusual position of being a colony with no metropole. Without military or financial support, the settlers’ control over their territory remained weak. Surrounding European empires preyed on this weakness, and Americo-Liberian rule was often at risk from coalitions of European forces and indigenous African resistance. From the early twentieth century, the political elite took on the concept of “development” as a central… 


Abstract Liberia’s protracted civil conflict was sustained for a period of fourteen years (1989–2003), killing approximately 250,000 Liberians and displacing half of the population. Liberia’s war,

Of Vagrants and Volunteers During Liberia's Operation Production, 1963–1969

ABSTRACT:A number of recent studies have highlighted how states across the African continent continued to revert to repressive labor practices for the sake of food production, cash-cropping,

The technopolitics of Swedish iron mining in Cold War Liberia, 1950–1990

  • K. Bruno
  • History
    The Extractive Industries and Society
  • 2020



The Liberian Struggle For Authority on the Kru Coast

In the autumn of 1915 tattered and faded Union Jacks unfurled all along the southern coast of the Republic of Liberia, a signal of rebellion by indigenous towns against the Monrovia government and a

Political Institutions in Liberia

  • G. W. Ellis
  • History
    American Political Science Review
  • 1911
Liberia will long be a source of permanent interest to the government and people of the United States, not only because it was founded and fostered by American citizens, but because there is going on

A Political Economic History of the Liberian State, Forced Labour and Armed Mobilization

The main argument in this article is that in order to understand the mobilization of youth during the Liberian civil war, it is imperative to investigate how manpower has been mobilized historically.

The Mutual Assimilation Of Elites: The Development Of Secret Societies In Twentieth Century Liberian Politics

The territory that became internationally recognized as the Republic of Liberia from 1847 appears to have a long history of initiation societies that predates the modern state. The most famous such

The Pacification of the Liberian Hinterland

  • H. Akingbade
  • History, Political Science
    The Journal of Negro History
  • 1994
The opening up of the Liberian hinterland was a gradual process in which the Liberian militia and, later, the Frontier Force, played a major role. Most of the Liberian settlements were situated on

The Slave Trade Act of 1819: A New Look at Colonization and the Politics of Slavery

Abstract Few topics have garnered more scholarly attention lately than the African colonization movement. Now more than ever, researchers appreciate colonization's enduring role in the politics of

The Drawing of Liberian Boundaries in the Nineteenth Century: Treaties with African Chiefs versus Effective Occupation

Following the resolutions of the Berlin Conference of 1884-85, the principle of effective control became one of the major criteria in proving possession of African territory by European powers. The

The Evolution of Deadly Conflict in Liberia: From 'Paternaltarianism' to State Collapse

Description This book represents the first attempt to holistically document and analyze the causes of deadly conflict in Liberia from its founding to the present. It reconstructs and examines the

"Freedom but Nothing Else": The Legacies of Slavery and Abolition in Post-Slavery Sierra Leone, 1928-1956 *

In 1955, as the British government began preparations to transfer power to local elites in Sierra Leone, a series of strikes and riots swept across the country, originating in the unionized workforce

The Liberian settlers and the campaign against the slave trade 1825-1865

As soon as a militia force was organized, it began to play a prominent role in the suppression of the slave trade within the territorial limits of the colonial settlements. The campaign against the