A Simplified Method for Smile Enhancement: Botulinum Toxin Injection for Gummy Smile

@article{Sucupira2012ASM,
  title={A Simplified Method for Smile Enhancement: Botulinum Toxin Injection for Gummy Smile},
  author={Eduardo Sucupira and Abraham Abramovitz},
  journal={Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery},
  year={2012},
  volume={130},
  pages={726–728}
}
Summary: The authors studied and provided treatment to patients with the complaint of gummy smile. Between October of 2009 and January of 2011, 52 unaesthetic smiles were evaluated and treated with onabotulinum toxin A. Botulinum toxin injection was an effective treatment, with an average satisfaction level of 9.75 on a 10-point scale. The levator labii superioris alaeque nasi is the ideal muscle for injection, and lopsided smiles could be resolved also with onabotulinum toxin A asymmetric… 

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