A Simple Test of Abortion and Crime

@article{Joyce2009AST,
  title={A Simple Test of Abortion and Crime},
  author={Theodore Joyce},
  journal={The Review of Economics and Statistics},
  year={2009},
  volume={91},
  pages={112-123}
}
  • T. Joyce
  • Published 2009
  • Psychology
  • The Review of Economics and Statistics
I first replicate Donohue and Levitt's results for violent and property crime arrest rates. I apply their data and specification to an analysis of age-specific homicide rates and murder arrest rates. The coefficients on the abortion rate have the wrong sign for two of the four measures of crime and none is statistically significant at conventional levels. I then use the legalization of abortion in 1973 to exploit two sources of variation: between-state changes in abortion rates before and after… Expand
The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime: Comment
This comment makes three observations about Donohue and Levitt's paper on abortion and crime (Quarterly Journal of Economics 119(1) (2001), 249–275). First, there is a coding mistake in theExpand
The Impact of Abortion on Crime and Crime-Related Behavior
TLDR
The Romanian abortion reforms did affect crime, but all of the effect appears to be driven by cohort size effects rather than selection or unwantedness effects. Expand
Abortion and Crime: A Review
TLDR
It is argued that the most straightforward test given available data involves age-specific arrest and homicide rates regressed on lagged abortion rates in the 1970s or indicators of abortion legalization in 1970 and 1973, which provide little support for the Donohue and Levitt hypothesis. Expand
Crime, Teenage Abortion, and Unwantedness
TLDR
It is shown that high concentrations of teenage abortions in a handful of states drive all of DL's results in their 2001, 2004, and 2008 articles on crime and abortion, which suggests DL’s panel-data models of crime/arrests and abortion were outdated when published. Expand
Testing the Perturbation Sensitivity of Abortion-Crime Regressions
The hypothesis that the legalisation of abortion contributed significantly to the reduction of crime in the United States in 1990s is one of the most prominent ideas from the recentExpand
The Impact of Unilateral Divorce on Crime
Using data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Uniform Crime Report program and differences in the timing of the reform’s introduction, we find that unilateral divorce caused an increase inExpand
Abortion and Crime: Cross-Country Evidence from Europe
The publication of Donohue and Levitt (2001)’s paper on the impact of legalized abortion on the decline of crime in the US has created a wide debate in the literature. However, the vast majority ofExpand
The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime over the Last Two Decades
Donohue and Levitt (2001) presented evidence that the legalization of abortion in the early 1970s played an important role in the crime drop of the 1990s. That paper concluded with a strongExpand
Dial 911 for Murder: The Impact of Emergency Response Time on Homicides
Several theories have been offered to explain the recent declines in violent crime rates in the United States. We hypothesize that technological innovations, which improved information transmissionExpand
The Long-run Effect of Abortion on Sexually Transmitted Infections
TLDR
Using data from the CDC, difference-in-difference estimates showing gonorrhea incidence fell among 15-19-year-olds in early-repeal states 15--19 years after legalization are presented and the effects are most pronounced and precisely estimated for Black women. Expand
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES
Further Tests of Abortion and Crime: A Response to Donohue and Levitt (2001,2004, 2006)
TLDR
Changes in abortion rates before and after Roe to identify changes in unwanted fertility and average the effects of abortion on crime over 15 to 20 years of the life of a cohort to lessen the impact of the crack epidemic are analyzed. Expand
The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime: Comment
This comment makes three observations about Donohue and Levitt's paper on abortion and crime (Quarterly Journal of Economics 119(1) (2001), 249–275). First, there is a coding mistake in theExpand
Did Legalized Abortion Lower Crime?
  • T. Joyce
  • Economics, Psychology
  • The Journal of Human Resources
  • 2004
In this paper I compare changes in homicide and arrest rates among cohorts born before and after the legalization of abortion to changes in crime in the same years among similar cohorts who wereExpand
Abortion and Crime: A Review
TLDR
It is argued that the most straightforward test given available data involves age-specific arrest and homicide rates regressed on lagged abortion rates in the 1970s or indicators of abortion legalization in 1970 and 1973, which provide little support for the Donohue and Levitt hypothesis. Expand
Abortion and Crime: Unwanted Children and Out-of-Wedlock Births
"Legalizing abortion can either increase or decrease investments in children's human capital. This article finds that abortion increases the number of out-of-wedlock births. Using data that moreExpand
The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime
TLDR
There is evidence that legalized abortion has contributed significantly to recent crime reductions, and legalized abortion appears to account for as much as 50 percent of the recent drop in crime. Expand
Further Tests of Abortion and Crime
TLDR
This paper examines closely the effects of changes in abortion rates between 1971 and 1974 and compares changes in homicide rates before and after legalization of abortion, within states, by single year of age. Expand
Measurement Error, Legalized Abortion, and the Decline in Crime: A Response to Foote and Goetz (2005)
Donohue and Levitt (2001) argue that the legalization of abortion in the United States in the 1970s played an important role in explaining the observed decline in crime approximately two decadesExpand
Abortion and Selection
TLDR
The results indicate that lower-cost abortion brought about by legalization altered young adult outcomes through selection, including increased likelihood of college graduation, lower rates of welfare use, and lower odds of being a single parent. Expand
Abortion and Crime: Unwanted Children and Out-of-Wedlock Births
Abortion may prevent the birth of "unwanted" children, who would have relatively small investments in human capital and a higher probability of crime. On the other hand, some research suggests thatExpand
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