A Simple Reason for a Big Difference Wolves Do Not Look Back at Humans, but Dogs Do

@article{Miklsi2003ASR,
  title={A Simple Reason for a Big Difference Wolves Do Not Look Back at Humans, but Dogs Do},
  author={{\'A}. Mikl{\'o}si and E. Kubinyi and J. Top{\'a}l and M. G{\'a}csi and Z. Viranyi and V. Cs{\'a}nyi},
  journal={Current Biology},
  year={2003},
  volume={13},
  pages={763-766}
}
The present investigations were undertaken to compare interspecific communicative abilities of dogs and wolves, which were socialized to humans at comparable levels. [...] Key Result The first study demonstrated that socialized wolves were able to locate the place of hidden food indicated by the touching and, to some extent, pointing cues provided by the familiar human experimenter, but their performance remained inferior to that of dogs.Expand
Wolves outperform dogs in following human social cues
Domestic dogs, Canis familiaris, have been shown capable of finding hidden food by following pointing gestures made with different parts of the human body. However, previous studies have reportedExpand
A comparison between wolves, Canis lupus, and dogs, Canis familiaris, in showing behaviour towards humans
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The Two Stage Hypothesis is proposed, according to which the sensitivity of an individual animal to human actions depends on acceptance of humans as social companions, and conditioning to follow human limbs, without requiring the use of additional mechanisms. Expand
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Dogs showed higher levels of interspecific sociability than wolves in all conditions, including those where attention was unavailable, and dogs gazed longer at the person's face than Wolves in the presence of out-of-reach food. Expand
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The Canine Cooperation Hypothesis suggesting that wolves are characterized with high social attentiveness and tolerance and are highly cooperative is proposed, in contrast with the implications of most domestication hypotheses about wolves. Expand
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Abstract In this study we aimed to investigate novel aspects of dogs' comprehension of human social behaviours by revealing potential differences in the responses of wolves and dogs when theyExpand
The role of domestication and experience in ‘looking back’ towards humans in an unsolvable task
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Results suggest that basic wolf-dog differences in motivation and exploration may override differences in human-directed behaviour when animals are equally socialized, and that once the human is considered a social partner, looking behaviour occurs easily. Expand
Differential Sensitivity to Human Communication in Dogs, Wolves, and Human Infants
TLDR
The results support the view that infants and adult dogs will both persevere in searching erroneously in box A because they regard the placement of the toy by a human experimenter as a social teaching event, and propose that shared sensitivity to human communicative signals stems from convergent social evolution of the Homo and the Canis genera. Expand
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In recent years evidence has accumulated demonstrating that dogs are, to a degree, skilful in using human forms of communication, making them stand out in the animal kingdom. Neither man's closestExpand
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Wolves can reach the level of dogs in their success of following momentary distal pointing in parallel with improving their readiness to form eye-contact with a human experimenter during several months of formal training. Expand
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