A Serpentinite-Hosted Ecosystem: The Lost City Hydrothermal Field

@article{Kelley2005ASE,
  title={A Serpentinite-Hosted Ecosystem: The Lost City Hydrothermal Field},
  author={Deborah S. Kelley and J. A. Karson and Gretchen L. Fr{\"u}h-Green and Dana R. Yoerger and Timothy M. Shank and David A Butterfield and John M. Hayes and Matthew O. Schrenk and Eric James Crane Olson and Giora Proskurowski and Michael V. Jakuba and Alice Jane Bradley and Benjamin Larson and Kristine N. Ludwig and Deborah A. Glickson and Kate L. Buckman and Alexander S. Bradley and William J. Brazelton and Kevin K. Roe and Mitch J. Elend and Adélie Delacour and Stefano Michele Bernasconi and Marvin D. Lilley and John A. Baross and Roger Everett Summons and Sean P. Sylva},
  journal={Science},
  year={2005},
  volume={307},
  pages={1428 - 1434}
}
The serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field is a remarkable submarine ecosystem in which geological, chemical, and biological processes are intimately interlinked. Reactions between seawater and upper mantle peridotite produce methane- and hydrogen-rich fluids, with temperatures ranging from <40° to 90°C at pH 9 to 11, and carbonate chimneys 30 to 60 meters tall. A low diversity of microorganisms related to methane-cycling Archaea thrive in the warm porous interiors of the edifices… 

Sources of organic nitrogen at the serpentinite‐hosted Lost City hydrothermal field

The source and cycling of organic nitrogen at an oceanic serpentinizing environment, the Lost City hydrothermal field, is investigated and data indicate nitrogen is readily available to microbial communities at Lost City.

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Submarine hydrothermal vents are geochemically reactive habitats that harbour rich microbial communities. There are striking parallels between the chemistry of the H2–CO2 redox couple that is present

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The microbial ecology of the ‘Lost City’-type Old City hydrothermal field, recently discovered along the southwest Indian ridge, is presented and this first description of its microbial ecology opens up attractive perspectives for understanding environmental factors shaping communities and metabolisms in oceanic serpentinite-hosted ecosystems.

Fluid mixing and the deep biosphere of a fossil Lost City-type hydrothermal system at the Iberia Margin

Examination of fossil microbial communities and fluid mixing processes in the subseafloor of a Cretaceous Lost City-type hydrothermal system at the magma-poor passive Iberia Margin appears that, wherever they occur, they can support microbial life, even in deep subseAFloor environments.

A serpentinite-hosted ecosystem in the Southern Mariana Forearc

The SSF appears to be a serpentinite-hosted ecosystem within a forearc (convergent margin) setting that is supported by fault-controlled fluid pathways connected to the decollement of the subducting slab, and supports the prediction that serpentinization of peridotite vents may be widespread on the ocean floor.
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