A Screening-Level Assessment of the Health Risks of Chronic Smoke Exposure for Wildland Firefighters

  title={A Screening-Level Assessment of the Health Risks of Chronic Smoke Exposure for Wildland Firefighters},
  author={Thomas Booze and Timothy E. Reinhardt and Sharon J Quiring and Roger D. Ottmar},
  journal={Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene},
  pages={296 - 305}
A screening health risk assessment was performed to assess the upper-bound risks of cancer and noncancer adverse health effects among wildland firefighters performing wildfire suppression and prescribed burn management. Of the hundreds of chemicals in wildland fire smoke, we identified 15 substances of potential concern from the standpoints of concentration and toxicology; these included aldehydes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, benzene, and respirable particulate matter… 
Wildland firefighter smoke exposure and risk of lung cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality.
Review of the health effects of wildland fire smoke on wildland firefighters and the public
Longitudinal studies of wildland firefighters during and/or after the firefighting career could help elucidate some of the unknown health impacts of cumulative exposure to wildland fire smoke, establish occupational exposure limits and help determine the types of exposure controls that may be applicable to the occupation.
Assessment of Ambient and Occupational Exposures to Air Contaminants from Wildland Fire Smoke
Author(s): Navarro, Kathleen McGuire | Advisor(s): Balmes, John R | Abstract: This dissertation combines traditional methods of exposure assessment with new approaches to evaluate exposures in
Cumulative Firefighter Exposure to Multiple Toxins Emitted During Prescribed Burns in Australia
Firefighters in the line of duty are exposed to many hazardous air toxics released from burning vegetation and other materials that may cause severe health risks. Current literature does not consider
Exposure to bushfire smoke during prescribed burns and wildfires: firefighters' exposure risks and options.
Occupational Exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon of Wildland Firefighters at Prescribed and Wildland Fires.
PAH concentrations were higher at wildland fires compared to prescribed fires and were highest for firefighters during job tasks that involve the most direct contact with smoke near an actively burning wildland fire.
Non-Accidental Health Impacts of Wildfire Smoke
A systematic review of non-accidental health impacts of wildfire and incorporated lessons learned from recent experiences to better understand health impact of wildfire exposure.
Personal Carbon Monoxide Exposures Among Firefighters at Prescribed Forest Burns in the Southeastern United States
Overall, the highest exposures were seen amongst firefighters assigned to holding and mop-up tasks, whereas the lowest were associated with lighting and jobs such as burn boss, and the self-reported smoke exposure showed a significant linear trend with increasing CO exposure.
A systematic review of the health impacts of occupational exposure to wildland fires.
Further research is required to understand whether occupational exposure to wildland fires results in clinically significant impacts on respiratory function, and to further clarify the relationship between occupational exposure and blood pressure, mental health, and cancer outcomes.


Occupational exposures in California wildland fire fighting.
Results show that wildland fire fighters may at times be exposed to concentrations of carbon monoxide, total or respirable particulates, or silica at levels near or higher than recommended occupational exposure limits, although group means were generally well below the limits.
Smoke exposure among firefighters at prescribed burns in the Pacific Northwest.
Smoke exposure measurements among firefighters during prescribed burns in the Pacific Northwest between 1991 and 1994 showed that a small but significant percentage of workers experienced exposure to
Forest worker exposure to airborne herbicide residues in smoke from prescribed fires in the southern United States.
  • C. McMahon, P. Bush
  • Environmental Science
    American Industrial Hygiene Association journal
  • 1992
A field validation study was conducted in Georgia to measure breathing zone concentrations of smoke suspended particulate matter (SPM), herbicide residues, and carbon monoxide (CO) on 14 operational prescribed fires, the first time breathing zones concentrations of these smoke constituents have been measured in the South.
Pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in forest firefighters.
Although annual lung function changes for a small subset (n = 10) indicated reversibility of effect, this study suggests a concern for potential adverse respiratory effects in forest firefighters.
Smoke exposure among wildland firefighters: a review and discussion of current literature.
This paper reviews and summarizes literature about smoke exposure and the resulting adverse health effects among wildland firefighters Many studies have been done on this problem between 1973 and
A study was made of possible reasons for workers losing time from work at the Maritime Administration Reserve Fleets at Benicia, California and Fort Eustis, Virginia, and possible exposure to asbestos observed at both sites.
Long-term particulate and other air pollutants and lung function in nonsmokers.
The associations between lung function measures and estimated 20-yr ambient concentrations of respirable particles, suspended sulfates, sulfur dioxide, ozone, and indoor particles were studied in a sample of 1,391 nonsmokers followed since 1977.
This review focuses on the human pulmonary effects of talc, carbon black, coal dust, diesel exhaust, and titanium dioxide as examples of poorly soluble, nonfibrous particles (PSPs) to characterize the responses to these compounds using information from epidemiology, pathology, and cell biology so that comparisons with animal responses can be made.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
  • M. Key
  • Medicine
    IMS, Industrial medicine and surgery
  • 1972
1. PURPOSE This test establishes the procedure for ensuring that the level of protection provided by the Isoamyl Acetate facepiece fit test requirements on air-purifying respirators submitted for
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.
  • Chemistry
Abdelsalam EB, Ford EJH. 1986. Effect of pretreatment with hepatic microsomal enzyme inducers on the toxicity of diazinon in calves. Res Vet Sci 41:336-339. ACGIH. 1986a. Documentation of the