A Scholarly Intermediary between the Ottoman Empire and Renaissance Europe

  title={A Scholarly Intermediary between the Ottoman Empire and Renaissance Europe},
  author={Robert John Morrison},
  pages={32 - 57}
This essay studies Moses Galeano, a Jewish scholar with ties to Crete and the Ottoman Sultan’s court, who traveled to the Veneto around 1500. After describing Galeano’s intellectual milieu, it focuses, first, on circumstantial evidence that he transmitted information central to the rise of Renaissance astronomy. Galeano knew of theories that strongly resemble portions of astronomy texts written by Giovanni Battista Amico and Girolamo Fracastoro at Padua a few decades later. He also knew about… 

The Paduan Rebbi. A Note on Galileo’s Household and Mediterranean Science in the Seventeenth Century

This essay proposes an exercise of 'global mi- crohistory' centered on Joseph Solomon Delmedigo (1591-1655), an itinerant Jewish alchemist and inventor, born in Candia, who was one of the

Magnificence as a Royal Virtue in Ottoman Jewish Political Thought

Recent years have seen a growing body of literature on relations between Renaissance Italy and the Ottoman Empire. One of the major lacunae in this research concerns the role of the Jews in the

Birkenmajer's Copernicus: Historical Context, Original Insights, and Contributions to Current Debates

By means of a more critical assessment of his interpretation, the essay revises earlier accounts, rescuing the original insights that mark Birkenmajer's most important contributions to current debates and his efforts to reconstruct Copernicus's path to heliocentrism.


We trace the transmission of Ptolemy‘s Almagest from the time of its composition to Arabic translations, Latin translations, and the Epitome of the Almagest by Peurbach and Regiomontanus. Along the

Taḥqīq vs. Taqlīd in the Renaissances of Western Early Modernity

This essay reviews a major new study of European Renaissance Arabist-humanist philology as it was actually practiced, humanist neoclassicizing anti-Arabism notwithstanding. While definitive and

Reading the Stars at the Ottoman Court: Bāyezīd ii (r. 886/1481-918/1512) and His Celestial Interests

This study seeks to determine the extent of the patronage of the science of the stars ( ʿilm al-nuǧūm ) at the court of the eighth Ottoman sultan Bāyezīd II (r. 886/1481-918/1512). Throughout the

World as (Arabic) Text: Mīr Dāmād and the Neopythagoreanization of Philosophy in Safavid Iran

The heavily Neoplatonic and antiquarian-perennialist tenor of Safavid philosophy is now widely recognized by specialists; but few have acknowledged its equally notable Neopythagorean turn. Likewise,

Research Foci in the History of Science in Past Islamicate Societies

In recent years, numerous changes have emerged in the History of Science of what has traditionally been called the Islamic world. By now, it has become usual to speak of the Islamicate world, albeit

The (likely) Last Edition of Copernicus’s Libri revolutionum

Review essay of Nicolas Copernic, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, Des revolutions des orbes celestes. 3 volumes. Science et Humanisme, Collection published under the patronage of the Association

Where Did Copernicus Obtain the Tools to Build His Heliocentric Model? Historical Considerations and a Guiding Translation of Valentin Rose's "Ptolemaeus und die Schule von Toledo" (1874)

We present a translation of the German text of an 1874 article by Valentin Rose that concerns the possible school of translators that worked in Toledo, Spain, from about 1150 to 1250. Rose's article



Abraham Ibn Ezra's Astrological Works in Hebrew and Latin: New Discoveries and Exhaustive Listing

The discovery of a Liber nativitatum, Liber revolucionum, Liber eleccionum, and Liber interrogacionum are reported. It is argued that these are Latin versions of lost Hebrew originals by Ibn Ezra,

The Reality of Peurbach’s Orbs: Cosmological Continuity in Fifteenth and Sixteenth Century Astronomy

In this paper I argue for continuity in astronomical models and their cosmological consequences, from the time of Peurbach’s Theoricae novae planetarum (c. 1474) throughout the sixteenth century.

Theory and Observation in Islamic Astronomy: The Work of IBN AL-SHĀTIR of Damascus

I am aware of only one study that is especially devoted to the relationship between theory and astronomical observations in medieval times, namely an article of Bernard Goldstein, which discusses

Perush Se _ per al-Magist ខi (cit. n. 55), fols. 163r-v, 164r. See also Langermann

  • Science in the Jewish Communities of the Byzantine Cultural Orbit

Langermann notes that Mizrah ខi had misgivings about Andalusian (i.e., homocentric) astronomy. See also Mizrah ខi, Perush Se _ per al-Magist ខi, fol

  • Orbit

L'abrégé de l'Almageste

    Aristotelian Planetary Theory in the Renaissance" (cit. n. 75), esp. p. 41; and Ibn Nah ខmias, Or ha-olam

      On the Fuggers and Venice see Jacob Strieder, Jacob Fugger the Rich: Merchant and Banker of Augsburg

      • 1931