A Scanning X-Ray Microscope Using Synchrotron Radiation

  title={A Scanning X-Ray Microscope Using Synchrotron Radiation},
  author={Paul Horowitz and John A. Howell},
  pages={608 - 611}
Focused synchrotron radiation collimated by means of a pinhole has been used to construct a scanning x-ray microscope capable of making stereoscopic element-discriminating pictures of relatively thick specimens in an atmospheric environment. 
Evaluation of a scanning transmission x-ray microscope using undulator radiation at the SERC Daresbury Laboratory
A scanning transmission x-ray microscope with Fresnel zone-plate focusing optics has been used to form images with monochromatic 400 eV x-rays. In initial experiments on the undulator beamline at the
A Scanning X-Ray Fluorescence Microprobe with Synchrotron Radiation
A scanning X-ray fluorescence (XRF) microprobe using Wolter type 1 optics was developed, and two-dimensional XRF measurements were carried out using synchrotron radiation up to 10 keV as an
Development of a scanning x‐ray microprobe with synchrotron radiation
An x‐ray focusing system with two Wolter type one mirrors was developed and used in a synchrotron radiation x‐ray micro analyzer (SRXMA). The SRXMA system and the characteristics of each Wolter
Quantitative imaging and microanalysis with a scanning soft x-ray microscope.
A scanning soft x-ray microscope has been developed that uses synchrotron radiation focused by a Fresnel zone plate to form a submicron beamspot on the specimen to create a quantitative map of specimen absorptivity.
Controlling X-ray beam trajectory with a flexible hollow glass fibre
X-ray beam trajectory control has been performed by using a 1.5 m-long flexible hollow glass fibre for X-ray absorption mapping and a two-dimensional scan of a synchrotron radiation beam was demonstrated.
X-ray microscopy of biological objects with carbon kappa and with synchrotron radiation.
X-ray micrographs of biological objects have been obtained with a resolution better than 1000 angstroms by using poly(methyl methacrylate) x-ray resist and carbon Kalpha or synchrotron radiation.
Hard X-ray nanoprobe scanner
A combination of X-ray prisms and advanced reflective mirror optics offer a simple and precise nanoprobe scan that will open new opportunities for microscopicX-ray analyses.
Hard X-ray microbeam production with synchrotron radiation: application to microanalysis
The advent of synchrotron radiation and the recent development of x-ray optics have rendered possible the realization of x-ray fluorescence microprobes. Various arrangements allow one to obtain
Absorption microanalysis with a scanning soft X‐ray microscope: mapping the distribution of calcium in bone
Qualitative results on the calcium distribution in human skull tissue are presented using the scanning transmission X‐ray microscope operated at the National Synchroton Light Source.


Metal Membranes with Uniform Submicron‐Size Pores
Porous metal wafers and thin films were produced by selectively etching the rod phase of the directionally solidified eutectics NiAl–Cr and NiAl–Mo and by a two‐state replication process,
We are grateful to E. M. Purcell for suggesting