A Scandal in Toronto: "The Dating of "Beowulf" " a Quarter Century On

  title={A Scandal in Toronto: "The Dating of "Beowulf" " a Quarter Century On},
  author={R. Frank},
  pages={843 - 864}
"That which has been believed by everyone, always, and everywhere," wrote Valery, "is almost certain to be false. "1 Way back then, when glaciers were glaciers, we knew the date of Beowulf. In 1928 W. W. Lawrence confirmed that "the com monly accepted dating in the age of Bede remains unshaken."2 In 1936 J. R. R. Tolkien, in his famous British Academy lecture, agreed: "I accept without argu ment . . . the attribution of Beowulf to the 'age of Bede.' "3 His Oxford lecture notes are equally… Expand
16 Citations
Old Norse Influence on the Language of Beowulf: A Reassessment
This article undertakes the first systematic examination of Frank’s (1979, 1981, 1987, 1990, 2007b, 2008) claim that Old Norse influence is discernible in the language of Beowulf. It tests thisExpand
The Language of Beowulf and the Conditioning of Kaluza’s Law
In Beowulf, there are 106 verses in which second compound elements are unambiguously distributed into positions of resolution or non-resolution on the basis of etymological length distinctions thatExpand
Dissemination of a legend : the texts and contexts of the Cult of St Guthlac
This thesis gives an overreaching, detailed analysis of how the Anglo-Saxon cult of St Guthlac of Crowland developed from its modest origins in the eighth century to its summit in the earlyExpand
“Breme Beowulf” and “Inclite Pelagi”: Colonizing the Comitatus
The Middle Ages witnessed the expansion of Latin Christianity, in terms of both religious conversion and physical territory, in a variety of theatres, from crusading interests in the Middle East toExpand
Bishops, giants, and ideas about Rome in early Anglo-Saxon literature, 597-c.800
Abstract This thesis investigates ideas about the city and culture of Rome in Anglo-Saxon literature for the period from their conversion to Christianity until roughly the close of the eighthExpand
Making Beowulf Scream: Exclamation and the Punctuation of Old English Poetry
Of all the graphic devices used to maim, corral, and jerry-rig Old English poetry, the exclamation point is the loudest and the most dangerous. It may also be the youngest. This outspoken symbolExpand
Iconography in Dialogue: Negotiating Tradition and Cultural Contact in the Art of Seventh Century Anglo-Saxon England
The seventh century in Anglo-Saxon England offers a particularly rich historical period in which to examine the material effects of cultural contact between disparate cultures. As it lacks closeExpand
Ælfric's Rhythmical Prose and the Study of Old English Metre
A decade ago, Thomas A. Bredehoft designed a new theory of Old English metre that classified Ælfric of Eynsham's rhythmical-alliterative texts as verse. The present article submits Bredehoft'sExpand
The Waning Sword
In Part II, Pe� t inves� gates the broader Germanic background to this image, especially in rela� on to the god Ing/Yngvi-Freyr, and explores the capacity of myths to recur and endure across � me.Expand
The Language of Hrothgar’s Sermon
ABSTRACT This article surveys linguistic archaisms in Hrothgar’s sermon in order to argue for the authenticity of this passage and for the unselfconscious nature of archaism in Beowulf. It furnishesExpand


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