A Salutogenic Analysis of Developmental Tasks and Ego Integrity vs. Despair

@article{Wiesmann2011ASA,
  title={A Salutogenic Analysis of Developmental Tasks and Ego Integrity vs. Despair},
  author={Ulrich Wiesmann and H. J. Hannich},
  journal={The International Journal of Aging and Human Development},
  year={2011},
  volume={73},
  pages={351 - 369}
}
  • U. Wiesmann, H. Hannich
  • Published 1 December 2011
  • Psychology
  • The International Journal of Aging and Human Development
This study examines the hypothesis that the outcome of the Eriksonian crisis of integrity vs. despair is dependent on successful coping with four developmental tasks: maintenance of active involvement, reevaluation of life satisfaction, developing a sense of health maintenance, and reevaluation of the sense of coherence (SOC). A selective sample of 170 rather healthy individuals at the mean age of 67 years filled out a questionnaire assessing everyday activities, satisfaction with past, present… 

Tables from this paper

Sense of coherence, depressive feelings and life satisfaction in older persons: a closer look at the role of integrity and despair
TLDR
The findings indicate that SOC might be a resource for greater well-being in the elderly and offers a partial explanation for the relations found and points to the importance of finding integrity and resolving despair in this stage of life.
The Relation of Ego Integrity and Despair to Personality Traits and Mental Health
TLDR
Ego integrity appears to be related to fluctuating states of mental health, whereas despair is more an expression of a general trait-like disposition of neuroticism.
Finding a Balance Between Integrity and Despair: A Challenging Task for Older Adults in Residential Care
Erikson described the late life developmental task as a complex and dynamic dialectic between ego-integrity and despair with substantial impact on older adults’ functioning. Limited knowledge is,
Predicting Ego Integrity Using Prior Ego Development Stages for Older Adults in the Community
TLDR
A cross-sectional study of elderly age from 65 to 90 years old was carried out and found that adulthood possessed a higher influence on the elderly stage than the whole lifespan.
Sense of Coherence, Time Perspective and Positive Aging
Recent gerontological research has identified the sense of coherence as a crucial resilience factor which develops over time and evolves from experiences across the life-span. Time perspective is the
A salutogenic inquiry into positive aging – a longitudinal analysis
TLDR
The baseline sense of coherence is an effective predictor of future positive aging, and growth in sense ofCoherence within a time span of four years is reflected in improved positive aging.
Sense of coherence and pain experience in older age
TLDR
Evidence is found for the salutogenic idea that the sense of coherence represents a mediator variable as it pools resistance/deficits influences on pain.
The Relationships of Basic Pychological Needs and Successful Aging of Elderly: Double Mediating Effect of Ego-Integrity and Cultural Competency, and the moderated mediation effect of Wisdom
This study is a descriptive survey research for identifing double mediating effect of ego-integrity and cultural competency and the moderated mediation effect of Wisdom on the relationship between
Sense of coherence can predict hope in older adults: a cross-lagged analysis
TLDR
It is indicated that SOC predicted the level of hope 6 months later and may be helpful for guiding older adults to increase their hope for the future through strategies aimed at improving their SOC.
Psychometric properties of the Developmental Tasks Questionnaire for Seniors
The study describes the development of the Developmental Tasks Questionnaire for Seniors (DTQ-S), intended for assessing the level of developmental tasks attainment in old age, and evaluates its
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES
Subjective health in old age from a salutogenic perspective.
TLDR
The sense of coherence is largely shaped by individual difference variables and strongly accounts for the relation between resources and psychogenic aspects of health, whereas its relative significance for physical health is not corroborated.
Sense of coherence among the elderly in relation to their perceived life history in an Eriksonian perspective
Abstract The concept of 'sense of coherence' has been shown to be an important factor influencing wellbeing and health. In addition, remembrance of the past affects the wellbeing of the elderly. The
Cognitive processes involved in the evaluation of life satisfaction: Implications for well-being
TLDR
The present study indicates that the cognitive processes used in the evaluation of life satisfaction are related to present and future well-being.
Hopelessness in community-residing aged persons: a viable construct?
TLDR
Although the GHS failed to differentiate elderly persons by age, it was nonetheless related to self-esteem, depression, self-rated health, internality, morale, and life satisfaction, indicating that the research and clinical utility of the G HS with community-residing aged persons may be more limited than previously believed.
Antonovsky’s sense of coherence scale and its relation with quality of life: a systematic review
TLDR
Findings on the salutogenic concept, sense of coherence (SOC), and its correlation with quality of life (QoL) correspond to the core of the Ottawa Charter, and a certain possibility to modify and extend the health construct is becoming discernible.
Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation.
The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, we review research on the nature of psychological aging in terms of seven propositions. Second, we present a psychological model for the study of
Antonovsky’s sense of coherence scale and the relation with health: a systematic review
TLDR
Salutogenesis is a valuable approach for health promotion and would be worth to implement in practice much more than to date, which strengthens resilience and develops a positive subjective state of health.
Sense of coherence--a protective factor for depression in rheumatoid arthritis.
TLDR
Comprehensive models of adjustment in RA need to include protective factors such as SOC, in addition to pain and other pathological variables, to be helpful in identifying individuals with RA who are particularly vulnerable to depression.
Life review therapy using autobiographical retrieval practice for older adults with depressive symptomatology.
TLDR
The findings suggest that practice in autobiographical memory for specific events may be among the components of life review that account for its effectiveness and could be a useful tool in psychotherapy with older adults.
Major Depression: A Breakdown in Sense of Coherence?
TLDR
Of the three subscales, a low score on Meaningfulness was the best predictor of scores on Depression, and a significant positive correlation was found between scores on the Sense of Coherence scale and age.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...