A Role of TGFß1 Dependent 14-3-3σ Phosphorylation at Ser69 and Ser74 in the Regulation of Gene Transcription, Stemness and Radioresistance

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) is a potent regulator of tumorigenesis, although mechanisms defining its tumor suppressing and tumor promoting activities are not understood. Here we describe phosphoproteome profiling of TGFβ signaling in mammary epithelial cells, and show that 60 identified TGFβ-regulated phosphoproteins form a network with scale-free characteristics. The network highlighted interactions, which may distribute signaling inputs to regulation of cell proliferation, metabolism, differentiation and cell organization. In this report, we identified two novel and TGFβ-dependent phosphorylation sites of 14-3-3σ, i.e. Ser69 and Ser74. We observed that 14-3-3σ phosphorylation is a feed-forward mechanism in TGFβ/Smad3-dependent transcription. TGFβ-dependent 14-3-3σ phosphorylation may provide a scaffold for the formation of the protein complexes which include Smad3 and p53 at the Smad3-specific CAGA element. Furthermore, breast tumor xenograft studies in mice and radiobiological assays showed that phosphorylation of 14-3-3σ at Ser69 and Ser74 is involved in regulation of cancer progenitor population and radioresistance in breast cancer MCF7 cells. Our data suggest that TGFβ-dependent phosphorylation of 14-3-3σ orchestrates a functional interaction of TGFβ/Smad3 with p53, plays a role in the maintenance of cancer stem cells and could provide a new potential target for intervention in breast cancer.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065163

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@inproceedings{Zakharchenko2013ARO, title={A Role of TGF\ss1 Dependent 14-3-3σ Phosphorylation at Ser69 and Ser74 in the Regulation of Gene Transcription, Stemness and Radioresistance}, author={Olena Zakharchenko and Monica Cojoc and Anna N Dubrovska and Serhiy Souchelnytskyi}, booktitle={PloS one}, year={2013} }