A Review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of chamomile tea (Matricaria recutita L.)

@article{McKay2006ARO,
  title={A Review of the bioactivity and potential health benefits of chamomile tea (Matricaria recutita L.)},
  author={Diane L McKay and Jeffrey B Blumberg},
  journal={Phytotherapy Research},
  year={2006},
  volume={20}
}
Chamomile (Matricaria recutita L., Chamomilla recutita L., Matricaria chamomilla) is one of the most popular single ingredient herbal teas, or tisanes. Chamomile tea, brewed from dried flower heads, has been used traditionally for medicinal purposes. Evidence‐based information regarding the bioactivity of this herb is presented. The main constituents of the flowers include several phenolic compounds, primarily the flavonoids apigenin, quercetin, patuletin, luteolin and their glucosides. The… 
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Chamomile (Matricaria recutita L., Chamomilla recutita L., Matricaria chamomilla) is one of the most favoured single ingredient herbs. Chamomile tea is prepared by brewing the dried flower heads
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TLDR
The use of chamomile in traditional medicine is described with regard to evaluating its curative and preventive properties, and recent findings for its development as a therapeutic agent promoting human health are highlighted.
Chamomile: A herbal medicine of the past with bright future.
TLDR
The use of chamomile in traditional medicine is described with regard to evaluating its curative and preventive properties, and recent findings for its development as a therapeutic agent promoting human health are highlighted.
A systematic review study of therapeutic effects of Matricaria recuitta chamomile (chamomile)
TLDR
Various combinations and numerous medicinal properties of its extract, oil, and leaves demand further studies about other useful and unknown properties of this multipurpose plant.
Chamomile: A Herbal Agent for Treatment of Diseases of the Elderly
TLDR
This chapter discusses in detail the curative and preventive properties of chamomile in health-promoting strategies that are safe and clinically useful in the elderly population.
Fermentation Potentiates Antimotility Properties of Chamomile Ligulate Flower Extracts
TLDR
The basis of the use of chamomile extracts in traditional medicine for the treatment and management of digestive system disorders is confirmed.
German and Roman Chamomile.
Matricaria recutita L. (syn. M. chamomilla L., Chamomilla recutita L. Rauschert) is known as true chamomile or German chamomile and Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All. (syn. Anthemis nobilis L.) is known as
Quality of Chamomile Teas - Essential Oil Content and Its Composition
TLDR
Recent and on- going research identifying specific anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiallergenic, and sedative properties of chamomile have validated the long held reputation of the plant and appear to be contributing to the popularity of this herb.
Radical scavenging and antioxidant effects of Matricaria chamomilla polyphenolic-polysaccharide conjugates.
TLDR
Results obtained in this study indicate that polyphenolic-polysaccharide conjugates isolated from M. chamomilla substances possess antioxidant properties, which may be useful in the creation of new natural-based medications or dietary supplements, helpful in the prevention and treatment of oxidative stress-mediated disorders.
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References

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Inhibitory effects of the essential oil of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) and its major constituents on human cytochrome P450 enzymes.
TLDR
In vitro data indicated that chamomile preparations contain constituents inhibiting the activities of major human drug metabolizing enzymes; interactions with drugs whose route of elimination is mainly via cytochromes (especially CYP1A2) are therefore possible.
Pharmacological profile of apigenin, a flavonoid isolated from Matricaria chamomilla.
TLDR
The present results seem to suggest that the inhibitory activity of apigenin on locomotor behaviour in rats cannot be ascribed to an interaction with GABA(A)-benzodiazepine receptor but to other neurotransmission systems, since it is not blocked by Ro 15-1788.
Contact sensitization from Compositae‐containing herbal remedies and cosmetics
TLDR
Sensitization seems to occur relatively frequently with a few species such as arnica and elecampane, and occurs rarely with the majority, especially the widely used German chamomile, and the risk of elicitation of dermatitis by using Compositae‐containing products in ComposItae‐sensitive individuals is by‐and‐large unknown.
Apigenin, a component of Matricaria recutita flowers, is a central benzodiazepine receptors-ligand with anxiolytic effects.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that apigenin is a ligand for the central benzodiazepine receptors exerting anxiolytic and slight sedative effects but not being anticonvulsant or myorelaxant.
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TLDR
It is concluded that chamazulene, but not matricine, may contribute to the anti-inflammatory activity of chamomile extracts by inhibiting the leukotriene synthesis and additional antioxidative effects.
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TLDR
Serial dilutions of 21 commercial ethanolic herbal extracts and tinctures, and 13 related pure plant compounds have been analyzed for their in vitro cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inhibitory capability via a fluorometric microtitre plate assay, using linear regression to generate median inhibitory concentration (IC50) curves.
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TLDR
The investigation of anatomical diagnostical identification, qualitative and quantitative indices showed that matricaria top got after gathering flowers can be recommend as a herb for medical use.
Analysis of biologically active essential oil components of chamomiles in Hungary (in vivo - In vitro)
TLDR
The gas chromatographical and mass-spectroscopical studies showed that sterile chamomile cultures generated the most important terpenoid and polyin compounds characteristic of the mother plant, as well as new components in these sterile cultures.
Several culinary and medicinal herbs are important sources of dietary antioxidants.
TLDR
There is more than a 1000-fold difference among antioxidant concentrations of various herbs and the herbal drug, Stronger Neo-Minophagen C, a glycyrrhizin preparation used as an intravenous injection for the treatment of chronic hepatitis, boosts total antioxidant intake.
Characterization ofMatricaria recutita L. Flower extracts by HPLC-MS and HPLC-DAD analysis
SummaryMatricaria recutita L. is a spontaneous herbaceous perennial plant and its drug is largely used, as an infusion, for its anti-inflammatory properties, especially for respiratory and
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