A Review of the Relationship Among Parenting Practices, Parenting Styles, and Adolescent School Achievement

  title={A Review of the Relationship Among Parenting Practices, Parenting Styles, and Adolescent School Achievement},
  author={Christopher Spera},
  journal={Educational Psychology Review},
This article reviews the literature on the relationship among parenting practices, parenting styles, and adolescent school achievement. The review of the empirical research indicates that parental involvement and monitoring are robust predictors of adolescent achievement. Several studies, however, indicate that parental involvement declines in adolescence, prompting the call for future research on the reasons for and associated consequences of this decline. Furthermore, the review indicates… Expand
Examining Parenting in the Neighborhood Context: A Review
This review utilizes three constructs to provide a framework for integrating and organizing the literature on parenting within the neighborhood context: Danger, Danger, Disadvantage, and Disengagement (noting the absence of positive social processes in the community). Expand
Associations of Parenting Styles and Dimensions with Academic Achievement in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-analysis
Parents and researchers alike are interested in how to promote children’s academic competence. The present meta-analysis integrates the results of 308 empirical studies on associations of generalExpand
Relationship between parenting styles and academic performance of adolescents: mediating role of self-efficacy
Abstract The literature supports the importance of parenting styles that are necessary to fulfill the developmental needs of the children and eventually improve their quality of life. Baumrind’sExpand
Parenting Style, Involvement of Parents in School Activities and Adolescents’ Academic Achievement
Abstract This paper deals with problems of correlations between a parenting style, involvement of parents in school activities and academic achievements of adolescents. The theoretical concepts ofExpand
Parenting styles and academic achievement of young adolescents: A systematic literature review
Literature accords the importance of parenting style and their impact on young adolescent’s behavior. There are many factors that affect the academic performance of children and parenting styles isExpand
The Family’s Impact on Adolescent Outcomes
Research efforts focused on both the parent–adolescent dyad and polyadic relationships inside of families with adolescents invariably are linked to attempts to understand the impact of theseExpand
Association between parenting processes and child behavior outcomes: the moderating and mediating role of child characteristics
Past research demonstrates the importance parents have in determining the outcomes in their children’s lives. Of these outcomes, child academic achievement is extremely important. In investigatingExpand
Adolescents’ Perceptions of Parental Goals, Practices, and Styles in Relation to Their Motivation and Achievement
The current study examines research questions proposed by an expanded version of Darling and Steinberg’s contextual model of parenting. Using a sample of 184 adolescents, the analyses indicated thatExpand
Parenting Practices, Parenting Style, and Children’s School Achievement
This study, drawing on data from the 2002 Survey of Approaches to Educational Planning (SAEP), examined the predictive effects of parenting practices and parenting style on children’s schoolExpand
The impact of parenting education on parent and child behaviors: Moderators by income and ethnicity
Parenting education has emerged as a promising resource for supporting parents, but the relative impact of parenting education among families facing higher versus lower risk remains unclear. TheExpand


The relation of parenting style to adolescent school performance.
A reformation of Baumrind's typology of authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting styles in the context of adolescent school performance is developed and tested using a large and diverse sample of San Francisco Bay Area high school students. Expand
Parenting Style as Context: An Integrative Model
Despite broad consensus about the effects of parenting practices on child development, many questions about the construct parenting style remain unanswered. Particularly pressing issues are theExpand
Impact of parenting practices on adolescent achievement: authoritative parenting, school involvement, and encouragement to succeed.
Examination of the impact of authoritative parenting, parental involvement in schooling, and parental encouragement to succeed on adolescent school achievement in an ethnically and socio-economically heterogeneous sample of approximately 6,400 American 14-18-year-olds finds parental involvement is much more likely to promote adolescent school success when it occurs in the context of an authoritative home environment. Expand
Early Adolescents' Perceptions of Patterns of Parenting, Teaching, and School Atmosphere
The purposes of this study were to examine the perceived congruence among middle school students' perceptions of parenting style, teaching style, and school atmosphere and to examine differencesExpand
Authoritative parenting, psychosocial maturity, and academic success among adolescents.
Adolescents who describe their parents as treating them warmly, democratically, and firmly are more likely than their peers to develop positive attitudes toward, and beliefs about, their achievement, and as a consequence, they areMore likely to do better in school. Expand
Relations of Parenting Style and Parental Involvement with Ninth-Grade Students' Achievement
The purposes of this study were to explore the influence of both parenting style (demandingness and responsiveness) and parental involvement on the achievement outcome of early adolescents and toExpand
Parenting and Academic Socialization as They Relate to School Readiness: The Roles of Ethnicity and Family Income.
Relationships between parenting and children's school readiness were examined within socioeconomically comparable samples of African American and Euro-American kindergarten children, mothers, andExpand
New directions in analyses of parenting contributions to children's acquisition of values.
It is argued for research that demonstrates that parental understanding of a particular child's characteristics and situation rather than use of specific strategies or styles is the mark of effective parenting. Expand
Parent Involvement: Contributions of Teacher Efficacy, School Socioeconomic Status, and Other School Characteristics
The study tested the hypothesis that varying levels of parent involvement would be related to variations in qualities of school settings, specifically school socioeconomic status, teacher degreeExpand
Parental School Involvement and Children's Academic Achievement
Developing collaborations between families and schools to promote academic success has a long-standing basis in research and is the focus of numerous programs and policies. We outline some of theExpand