A Review of the Pulmonary and Health Impact of Hookah Use.

@article{Patel2019ARO,
  title={A Review of the Pulmonary and Health Impact of Hookah Use.},
  author={Mit P Patel and Vikramjit S Khangoora and Paul Ellis Marik},
  journal={Annals of the American Thoracic Society},
  year={2019}
}
Hookah is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco, whose smoke is passed through a water basin before inhalation. The use of Hookah dates back centuries and is believed to have originated from India during the reign of Akbar the Great or the Safavid dynasty of Persia. Outside its native region, hookah smoking has gained popularity throughout the world, especially among younger people. There is generally a misconception amongst hookah users that it is… 
5 Citations
Waterpipe smoking: a review of pulmonary and health effects
TLDR
This review summarises the negative health effects of waterpipe smoking, with emphasis on cardiorespiratory complications.
Hookah venue employees’ knowledge and perceptions of hookah tobacco smoking
TLDR
Need for workplace policies and regulations to protect hookah server employees and provide targets for educational interventions for high-risk hookahServer employees are demonstrated.
Hookah Smoke Mediates Cancer-Associated Epigenomic and Transcriptomic Signatures in Human Respiratory Epithelial Cells
  • Yin Xiong, S. Xi, +8 authors D. Schrump
  • Medicine, Biology
    JTO clinical and research reports
  • 2021
TLDR
These findings support translational studies to ascertain if hookah-mediated epigenomic and transcriptomic alterations in cultured respiratory epithelia are detectable and clinically relevant in hookah smokers.
Capacidade funcional de usuários de narguilé: uma revisão integrativa
Background: The water pipe consumption has been growing and it is being associated with several negative repercussions on the health of individuals, including the functional capacity. Aim: To carry
Hookah: a cultural risk factor for the COVID-19 outbreak in Iran
Dear Editor,The COVID-19 was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus as a major global public health concern following its ra...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
Waterpipe tobacco and cigarette smoking: direct comparison of toxicant exposure.
BACKGROUND Waterpipe (hookah, shisha) tobacco smoking has spread worldwide. Many waterpipe smokers believe that, relative to cigarettes, waterpipes are associated with lower smoke toxicant levels and
Comparison of tobacco-containing and tobacco-free waterpipe products: effects on human alveolar cells.
TLDR
This study adds to the nascent evidence base indicating that except for exposure to nicotine and its derivatives, use of tobacco-free waterpipe products does not present a reduced health risk relative to the use of conventional tobacco-based products.
Effects of water-pipe smoking on lung function: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
WPS negatively affects lung function and may be as harmful as cigarette smoking, therefore, WPS is likely to be a cause of COPD.
The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in hookah smokers
TLDR
The results of this study suggest that hookah smoking significantly increases the risk of COPD and it is necessary to carry out further studies on the relationship between hookah use and COPD.
Acute Effect of Hookah Smoking on Arterial Stiffness and Wave Reflections in Adults Aged 18 to 34 Years of Age.
TLDR
It is shown for the first time that in young adult hookah smokers, a single hookah smoking session causes an acute increase in arterial stiffness of comparable magnitude to what has been previously reported for cigarettes.
Toxicant content, physical properties and biological activity of waterpipe tobacco smoke and its tobacco-free alternatives
TLDR
A sufficient evidence base exists to support public health interventions that highlight the fact that WTS presents a serious inhalation hazard, and toxicant yield data from the analytical laboratory are consistent with studies of exposure biomarkers in waterpipe users.
Health effects associated with waterpipe smoking
TLDR
Contrary to the widely held misconception, WPS is associated with a variety of adverse short-term and long-term health effects that should reinforce the need for stronger regulation.
Acute effects of waterpipe tobacco smoking: a double-blind, placebo-control study.
TLDR
These results from the first placebo-control study of waterpipe tobacco smoking demonstrate that waterpipe-induced heart rate increases are almost certainly mediated by nicotine though the subjective effects observed in these occasional smokers were not.
Laboratory and clinical acute effects of active and passive indoor group water-pipe (narghile) smoking.
TLDR
One session of active indoor group WPS resulted in significant increases in COHb and serum nicotine levels and was associated with adverse cardiorespiratory health effects and the results call for action to limit the continuing global spread of WPS in coffee shops.
Central and peripheral cardiovascular changes immediately after waterpipe smoking
TLDR
The correlations between the changes in these components suggest that the periphery is controlled, at least partially, by the same mechanism(s) affecting the central CV components during WP smoking.
...
1
2
3
4
...