A Review of the Pinned Photodiode for CCD and CMOS Image Sensors

@article{Fossum2014ARO,
  title={A Review of the Pinned Photodiode for CCD and CMOS Image Sensors},
  author={Eric R. Fossum and Donald B. Hondongwa},
  journal={IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society},
  year={2014},
  volume={2},
  pages={33-43}
}
The pinned photodiode is the primary photodetector structure used in most CCD and CMOS image sensors. This paper reviews the development, physics, and technology of the pinned photodiode. 
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The pinned photodiode (PPD) is the primary technology for image sensors and used in almost all charge-coupled device image sensors and CMOS image sensors. This paper discusses the effect and
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