A Review of the Literature in Applied and Specialised Kinesiology

@article{Hall2008ARO,
  title={A Review of the Literature in Applied and Specialised Kinesiology},
  author={S. Hall and George Lewith and Sarah Brien and Paul Little},
  journal={Complementary Medicine Research},
  year={2008},
  volume={15},
  pages={40 - 46}
}
Introduction: Kinesiology is a diagnostic, therapeutic complementary therapy utilising subtle change in manual muscle testing results to evaluate the body’s energetic balance and select healing modalities. Anecdotal evidence suggests kinesiology is helpful, therefore we wished to critically review the literature. Aims: (1) To ascertain if diagnostic accuracy including inter-examiner reliability has been established. (2) To review whether there is evidence for its therapeutic effectiveness. (3… 
Applied kinesiology: distinctions in its definition and interpretation.
Applied kinesiology and dentistry - A narrative review.
TLDR
The use of applied kinesiology for the diagnosis and treatment of pathologies in the field of dentistry is not supported by scientific evidence, however, a relationship between dental occlusion or maxillo-mandibular relationship and isometric muscle strength has been noted.
Accuracy of the Applied Kinesiology Muscle Strength Test for Sacroiliac Dysfunction *
TLDR
The applied kinesiology muscle strength test, which has great clinical feasibility, showed good accuracy in diagnosing sacroiliac joint dysfunction and greater discriminatory power for the existing dysfunction in comparison to other tests.
The accuracy and precision of kinesiology-style manual muscle testing: designing and implementing a series of diagnostic test accuracy studies
Introduction : Kinesiology-style manual muscle testing (kMMT) is a non-invasive assessment method used by various types of practitioners to detect a wide range of target conditions. It is distinctly
Professional Kinesiology Practice for Chronic Low Back Pain: Single-Blind, Randomised Controlled Pilot Study
TLDR
Real treatment was significantly different from sham demonstrating a moderate specific effect of PKP; both were better than WLC indicating a substantial non-specific and contextual treatment effect.
Common errors and clinical guidelines for manual muscle testing: "the arm test" and other inaccurate procedures
TLDR
Clinical guidelines are presented that should improve the reliability of the MMT as a diagnostic test for chiropractors and other clinicians in their assessments of muscle dysfunction in patients with musculoskeletal pain.
An Exploratory Pilot Study to Design and Assess the Credibility of a Sham Kinesiology Treatment
TLDR
The exploratory 2-stage development and pilot of a sham kinesiology treatment for use in a clinical trial to evaluate the specific effects of this intervention and it appeared feasible to deliver an apparently credible sham kinosiology treatment.
Emerging from the Mystical: Rethinking Muscle Response Testing as an Ideomotor Effect
Anne M. Jensen, MSc, DC, DPhil, is a forward-thinking healer who earned her doctorate from Oxford University researching the validity of muscle testing. Through her background in chiropractic and
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References

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On the reliability and validity of manual muscle testing: a literature review
TLDR
The MMT employed by chiropractors, physical therapists, and neurologists was shown to be a clinically useful tool, but its ultimate scientific validation and application requires testing that employs sophisticated research models in the areas of neurophysiology, biomechanics, RCTs, and statistical analysis.
A review of the research papers published by the international College of Applied Kinesiology from 1981 to 1987.
TLDR
A review of the type and scientific quality of 50 papers published by the International College of Applied Kinesiology between 1981 and 1987 found that none of the papers included adequate statistical analyses, and no valid conclusions could be drawn concerning their report of findings.
Applied kinesiology unreliable for assessing nutrient status.
Test-retest-reliability and validity of the Kinesiology muscle test.
TLDR
The results suggest that the use of Health Kinesiology as a diagnostic tool is not more useful than random guessing in patients with insect venom allergy that are tested by examiners with average skills.
Double-blind Study on Materials Testing with Applied Kinesiology
Applied Kinesiology (AK) is a scientifically unproven method used in complementary medicine to recognize the (in)tolerance of dental materials. Test-retest reliability of AK was examined. The working
Applied kinesiology for treatment of women with mastalgia.
TLDR
This preliminary study suggests that applied kinesiology may be an effective treatment for mastalgia, without side-effects and merits testing against standard drug therapies.
Evaluation der klinisch angewandten Kinesiologie bei Nahrungsmittel-Unverträglichkeiten im Kindesalter
TLDR
Applied Kinesiology cannot be recommended for diagnosing nutritional intolerance, however, due to its high sensitivity, it could be a valuable tool to give some preliminary results.
The development of QUADAS: a tool for the quality assessment of studies of diagnostic accuracy included in systematic reviews
TLDR
The aim of this project was to combine empirical evidence and expert opinion in a formal consensus method to develop a tool to be used in systematic reviews to assess the quality of primary studies of diagnostic accuracy.
Diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction: applied kinesiology compared to clinical observations and laboratory tests.
TLDR
Preliminary evidence indicates that there may be a significant correlation between certain AK tests and an elevated LDH in the serum and certain AK ratings correlated with clinical ratings and with laboratory ratings.
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