A Review of the Endocrine Activity of Parabens and Implications for Potential Risks to Human Health

  title={A Review of the Endocrine Activity of Parabens and Implications for Potential Risks to Human Health},
  author={R. Golden and J. Gandy and G. Vollmer},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Toxicology},
  pages={435 - 458}
  • R. Golden, J. Gandy, G. Vollmer
  • Published 2005
  • Medicine
  • Critical Reviews in Toxicology
  • Parabens are a group of the alkyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid and typically include methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben, butylparaben, isobutylparaben, isopropylparaben, and benzylparaben. Parabens (or their salts) are widely used as preservatives in cosmetics, toiletries, and pharmaceuticals due to their relatively low toxicity profile and a long history of safe use. Testing of parabens has revealed to varying degrees that individual paraben compounds have weakly estrogenic activity… CONTINUE READING
    Parabens as Urinary Biomarkers of Exposure in Humans
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    Urinary Concentrations of Parabens in Chinese Young Adults: Implications for Human Exposure
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