A Review of the Efficacy of the Picture Exchange Communication System Intervention

@article{Preston2009ARO,
  title={A Review of the Efficacy of the Picture Exchange Communication System Intervention},
  author={Deborah Gordon Preston and Mark Carter},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  year={2009},
  volume={39},
  pages={1471-1486}
}
  • D. Preston, M. Carter
  • Published 2009
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a communication program that has become widely used, especially with children with autism. This paper reports the results of a review of the empirical literature on PECS. A descriptive review is provided of the 27 studies identified, which included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), other group designs and single subject studies. For 10 appropriate single subject designs the percentage of nonoverlapping data (PND) and percentage exceeding… Expand
Effectiveness of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) on communication and speech for children with autism spectrum disorders: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
It is indicated that PECS is a promising but not yet established evidence-based intervention for facilitating communication in children with ASD ages 1-11 years. Expand
Review of studies on the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) for teaching language to individuals with autism and other speech difficulties
The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a communication system frequently used with people with autism and/or with little functional speech. To date, no review has been published on PECSExpand
Effects of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) on Maladaptive Behavior in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD): A Review of the Literature.
This paper provides an overview of the literature investigating the functional relationship between the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) and maladaptive behavior (i.e.,Expand
Comparative Efficacy of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) versus a Speech-Generating Device: Effects on Social-communicative Skills and Speech Development
TLDR
Data patterns suggest that Phase II of the PECS training protocol is conducive to encouraging social-communicative behavior and speech outcomes did not reveal any increases across participants, and no differences between treatment conditions were observed. Expand
A Review of Picture Exchange Communication Interventions Implemented by Parents and Practitioners
ABSTRACT The picture exchange communication system (PECS) is widely used with individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other developmental disabilities to improve communication skills.Expand
Comparative efficacy of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) versus a speech-generating device: Effects on requesting skills
A B S T R A C T An experimental, single-subject research study investigated the comparative efficacy of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) versus a speech-generating device (SGD) inExpand
Using the Picture Exchange Communication System to Increase the Social Communication of Two Individuals with Severe Developmental Disabilities
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the PECS with Peers protocol developed by Garfinkle and Schwartz (1994), which uses The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) as aExpand
Predicting progress in Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) use by children with autism.
  • G. Pasco, C. Tohill
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • International journal of language & communication disorders
  • 2011
TLDR
The assessment of the developmental level of potential PECS users may provide valuable predictive information for speech-and-language therapists and other professionals in relation to the likely degree of progress and in setting realistic and achievable targets. Expand
Effects of Augmentative and Alternative Communication on Challenging Behavior: A Meta-Analysis
TLDR
Meta-analytic procedures were used to examine the effectiveness of single-case AAC intervention research on challenging behaviors exhibited by individuals with disabilities, identify study characteristics that moderate intervention effects, and evaluate the quality of research. Expand
Experimental evaluation of the training structure of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a picture-based alternative communication method that is widely accepted and utilized with individuals with disabilities. Although prior studiesExpand
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References

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The Picture Exchange Communication System
The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) has become a widely known and used augmentative system for teaching functional communication skills and potentially providing a bridge to speechExpand
The effectiveness of Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) training for teachers of children with autism: a pragmatic, group randomised controlled trial.
TLDR
The results indicate modest effectiveness of PECS teacher training/consultancy, and rates of pupils' initiations and use of symbols in the classroom increased, although there was no evidence of improvement in other areas of communication. Expand
The Effectiveness of the Picture Exchange Communication System with Nonspeaking Adults
Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) training was implemented with 5 nonspeaking adults with mental retardation who were not currently using any type of functional communication system. AExpand
Using the picture exchange communication system (PECS) with children with autism: assessment of PECS acquisition, speech, social-communicative behavior, and problem behavior.
TLDR
Results indicated that all 3 children met the learning criterion for PECS and showed concomitant increases in verbal speech and ancillary gains were associated with increases in social-communicative behaviors and decreases in problem behaviors. Expand
Brief Report: Increasing Communication Skills for an Elementary-Aged Student with Autism Using the Picture Exchange Communication System
TLDR
Results indicated increases in spontaneous language (i.e., requests and comments) including use of the icons and verbalizations across those settings in which PECS was implemented. Expand
Increasing Functional Communication in Non-Speaking Preschool Children: Comparison of PECS and VOCA
For individuals who have complex communication needs and for the interventionists who work with them, the collection of empirically derived data that support the use of an iliteruention approach isExpand
The impact of augmentative and alternative communication intervention on the speech production of individuals with developmental disabilities: a research review.
TLDR
A meta-analysis of the literature published between 1975 and 2003 found that future research is needed to better delineate the relationship between AAC intervention and speech production across a wider range of participants and AAC interventions. Expand
Effects on Communicative Requesting and Speech Development of the Picture Exchange Communication System in Children with Characteristics of Autism
  • J. Ganz, R. Simpson
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2004
TLDR
The results indicated that PECS was mastered rapidly by the participants and word utterances increased in number of words and complexity of grammar. Expand
The Picture Exchange Communication System: Effects on Manding and Speech Development for School-Aged
We examined the effects of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS; Frost & Bondy, 2002) on the manding (requesting) and speech development of school-aged children with autism. In study 1,Expand
A Pilot Evaluation Study of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) for Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders
  • I. Magiati, P. Howlin
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Autism : the international journal of research and practice
  • 2003
TLDR
A pilot study was conducted to evaluate the effects of training teachers of children with autistic spectrum disorders in the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), and the majority of participants showed improvements in their ability to use PECS. Expand
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