A Review of the Effects of Oral Contraceptives on Nutrient Status, with Especial Consideration to Folate in UK

@article{Wakeman2019ARO,
  title={A Review of the Effects of Oral Contraceptives on Nutrient Status, with Especial Consideration to Folate in UK},
  author={M. Wakeman},
  journal={Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research},
  year={2019},
  pages={1-17}
}
  • M. Wakeman
  • Published 2019
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research
Oral contraceptives (OCs) are widely used by a significant number of women, often commencing at early adolescence. Whilst most research has investigated the physiological effects of OCs, some studies have identified impacts upon nutritional status of certain vitamins and minerals. In this context, a report published by the World Health Organization (WHO) is relevant, since women who take OCs-especially in less well-developed countries might not always have adequate diet. Furthermore, women… Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 183 REFERENCES
Oral contraceptives and changes in nutritional requirements.
TLDR
Since women who take OCs not always have adequate diet, may have unhealthy life style or may suffer from pathologies of malabsorption, the possibility to prevent vitamin and mineral deficiencies by taking appropriate dietary supplements should be considered a first-line approach by clinicians. Expand
Oral contraceptive use: impact on folate, vitamin B₆, and vitamin B₁₂ status.
TLDR
The observed depression in plasma pyridoxal 5'-phosphate concentrations in OC users may reflect decreased body reserves of the vitamin, which could put women who discontinue OCs and become pregnant at risk for vitamin B₆ inadequacy during pregnancy. Expand
Effects of oral contraceptives on vitamins B6, B12, C, and folacin.
TLDR
The effects of oral contraceptives on the metabolism of vitamin B6, folacin, vitamin B12, and vitamin C are examined and educational strategies through which nurse-midwives can improve their clients' nutritional health are outlined. Expand
Vitamin and mineral needs during the oral contraceptive therapy: a systematic review
TLDR
A decrease in the serum concentrations of zinc, selenium, phosphorus and magnesium have been reported in OC users, which may imply a reduction in the probability of having a pregnancy and/or an increase of serious illness for the unborn. Expand
Nutritional effects of oral contraceptive use: a review.
TLDR
Most studies support the contention that OC usage leads to a deficiency of Vitamin B6, and investigators recommend that OC users, with Vitamin B12 or Vitamin C deficiencies, should be given supplementary vitamins. Expand
The relationship between folic acid, vitamin B12, and vitamin B6 intakes and depression in women who use hormonal oral contraceptives
TLDR
This study investigated the relationship between nutrient intake and depression in women who used OCs in a selected cohort of women aged 18 to 49 years of age from the 2003–2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Expand
Effect of oral contraceptives on nutrients. III. Vitamins B6, B12, and folic acid.
TLDR
Observations suggest a relatively deficient state with respect to vitamins B6 and folic acid in OCA users. Expand
Oral contraceptives and nutritional status in adolescent
Associations between oral contraceptive pill (OC) use and vitamin, mineral and lipid status were examined in 117 postmenarcheal 16-to-18-year-old British girls, from the 1997 National Diet andExpand
Do oral contraceptive agents affect nutrient requirements--vitamin B-6?
  • L. Miller
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of nutrition
  • 1986
TLDR
The requirement for vitamin B-6 is increased, even if only slightly, among OC users, especially those who later desire pregnancy and plan to breastfeed, and efforts should be made to improve dietary intake in women of childbearing age. Expand
Vitamin B-6 requirement and oral contraceptive use--a concern?
  • J. Leklem
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of nutrition
  • 1986
TLDR
The observation of abnormal tryptophan is unique in that results of other tests do not indicate that OC use is associated with an abnormal vitamin B-6 status, and the plasma levels of PLP in OC users are not deficient suggesting that the nutriture of OC users is not compromised. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...