A Review of the Biology and Ecology of Three Invasive Perennials in New York State: Japanese Knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum), Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) and Pale Swallow-wort (Vincetoxicum rossicum)

@article{Weston2005ARO,
  title={A Review of the Biology and Ecology of Three Invasive Perennials in New York State: Japanese Knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum), Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) and Pale Swallow-wort (Vincetoxicum rossicum)},
  author={Leslie A. Weston and Jacob N. Barney and Antonio DiTommaso},
  journal={Plant and Soil},
  year={2005},
  volume={277},
  pages={53-69}
}
Terrestrial weeds continue to evolve in association with the rapid global changes in our land-use systems, due to their regenerative strategies, their adaptability to change, and their inherent diversity. Currently, invasive weeds are estimated to cost the United States’ economy up to $35 billion per year, and this total is rapidly increasing, as greater numbers of invasive species become naturalized. Several invasive exotic species have more recently established across New York State, creating… 

Chapter 13 Black and Pale Swallow-Wort ( Vincetoxicum nigrum and V . rossicum ) : The Biology and Ecology of Two Perennial , Exotic and Invasive

Black and pale swallow-worts are invasive perennial vines that were introduced 100 years ago into North America. Their invasion has been centralized in New York State, with neighboring regions of

Black and Pale Swallow-Wort (Vincetoxicum nigrum and V. rossicum): The Biology and Ecology of Two Perennial, Exotic and Invasive Vines

TLDR
It is proposed that the role of allelopathy and the relationship between genetic diversity levels and environmental characteristics could be significant in explaining the aggressive nature of swallow-wort invasion in New York.

The biology of invasive alien plants in Canada. 5. Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. & Zucc. [=Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decr.].

TLDR
The phytogeographic distribution of P. cuspidatum in North America suggests a large number of intentional introductions via ornamental plantings from 1870 to 2000, followed by secondary spread from these foci, and the primary means of local and regional range expansion is human-mediated transport of rhizome-infested soil.

Phytotoxicity and Potential Allelopathy in Pale (Cynanchum rossicum) and Black swallowwort (C. nigrum)

TLDR
The study findings indicate that allelopathic interference might help to facilitate the dominance of swallowworts in cases of interspecific competition, and suggests that there could be unexpected ramifications to what is currently one of the recommended control strategies for the two species—mowing.

Emergence and Performance of Two Invasive Swallowworts (Vincetoxicum spp.) in Contrasting Soil Types and Soil pH

TLDR
The results suggest that the current range and local overlap of these two species will continue to increase and that early detection rapid response (EDRR) programs should be established in susceptible regions not yet colonized by these two invasive vines.

Review: Physiological Approaches to the Improvement of Chemical Control of Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica)

TLDR
This review suggests prospective approaches to enable chemical eradication of Japanese knotweed: use of signals to induce controlled growth and development of quiescent rhizome buds, and use of phytohormones, sugars, and light to increase allocation of phloem-mobile herbicides to the rhizomes.

Examining host specificity of Chrysochus spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to inform management of invasive dog strangling vine Vincetoxicum rossicum (Apocynaceae)

TLDR
This thesis addresses the question as to whether native Chrysochus spp.

Impact of herbivory on performance of Vincetoxicum spp., invasive weeds in North America

TLDR
The results, based on the effects of herbivory by C. asclepiadeus adults, suggest that if this beetle were to be introduced into North America for the management of Vincetoxicum spp.

Initial Response by a Native Beetle, Chrysochus auratus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), to a Novel Introduced Host-Plant, Vincetoxicum rossicum (Gentianales: Apocynaceae)

TLDR
Experimental work indicates that V. rossicum may act as an oviposition sink for C. auratus and that this native beetle has not adapted to survive on this recently introduced novel host plant.
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References

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The effect of an invasive alien vine, Vincetoxicum rossicum (Asclepiadaceae), on arthropod populations in Ontario old fields

TLDR
It is suggested that arthropod diversity will decline if V. rossicum displaces native old-field plants, and the plant can form dense, monotypic stands in woodlots and old fields, and support few pollinators.

The distribution and history in the British Isles of some alien species of Polygonum and Reynoutria

An account is given of the escape from garden cultivation of four members of the Polygonaceae introduced from Eastern Asia: Reynoutriajaponica Houtt., including the dwarfvar. compacta (Hooker fil.)

The distribution and status of species of Vincetoxicum in eastern North America

TLDR
The nomenclatural status as well as the historical and current distribution of these plants were surveyed by studying floristic manuals of flora and journal literature and by examining herbarium specimens, and corresponding with authorities familiar with the species.

History of the invasion and distribution of Reynoutria taxa in the Czech Republic: a hybrid spreading faster than its parents.

TLDR
Herbarium records were used to compare the rate of spread among the three common taxa in 1952–1995, i.e. since when the hybrid started to appear in herbaria, and R. ×bohemica has been spreading significantly faster than R. sachalinensis and the hybrid exhibits twice the rates of invasion of its parents.

Seed characteristics of the invasive alien vine Vincetoxicum rossicum are affected by site, harvest date, and storage duration

TLDR
The alien vine V. rossicum (Kleopow) Barbar is a major concern in natural areas of the Lower Great Lakes Basin and the influence of parent plant light environment on seed characteristics in this species is also poorly understood.

Seed germinability and its seasonal onset of Japanese knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum)

TLDR
The field germination experiments suggest that spread of this plant by seed is a realistic possibility in the United States and recommend that female (male-sterile) plants or their inflorescences be removed from seed-producing populations before the formation of fruits to minimize spread by seed.

Oviposition preference and larval performance of monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) on two invasive swallow‐wort species

TLDR
Findings from this research indicate that V. rossicum and V. nigrum are not viable hosts of monarch butterflies and are likely to pose little direct threat to their populations as oviposition sinks, while the potential of monarch populations to adapt to the two Vincetoxicum species as host plants over the long‐term is discussed.

Prize-winners to pariahs - a history of Japanese knotweed s.l. (Polygonaceae) in the British Isles.

TLDR
The role of the various agencies involved in the dispersal of these plants is discussed, as is the influence that contemporaneous gardening trends had on the ornamental use of Japanese Knotweed s.l.

Differences in invasibility of two contrasting habitats and invasiveness of two mugwort Artemisia vulgaris populations

TLDR
It is demonstrated that variation exists in habitat invasibility, and that intraspecific variation in growth patterns occurs in mugwort, and the interaction between habitat traits and species characteristics was found to be important when determining invasion success.

Sexual reproduction in the invasive species Fallopia japonica (Polygonaceae).

TLDR
That sexual reproduction and seedling survival occur in the wild has strong implications for the development of management strategies for this species.
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