A Review of the Anthropogenic Threats Faced by Temminck's Ground Pangolin, Smutsia temminckii, in Southern Africa

  title={A Review of the Anthropogenic Threats Faced by Temminck's Ground Pangolin, Smutsia temminckii, in Southern Africa},
  author={Darren W. Pietersen and Andrew E. McKechnie and Raymond Jansen},
Throughout its range, Temminck's ground pangolin, Smutsia temminckii, is becoming increasingly threatened, predominantly as a result of anthropogenic pressures. This species is currently listed as Vulnerable in South Africa and Least Concern globally, although many assessment criteria are data deficient and thus hamper an accurate assessment of its actual status. Current knowledge of the threats faced by Temminck's ground pangolin largely stem from a handful of ecological studies and ad hoc… 
Ethnozoological Survey of Traditional Uses of Temminck’s Ground Pangolin (Smutsia temminckii) in South Africa
Pangolins are elusive and threatened mammals, considered the most widely traded mammals on Earth supplying local African and Asian traditional medicine markets. African pangolins are sourced as
Taking a stand against illegal wildlife trade: the Zimbabwean approach to pangolin conservation
Abstract Pangolins are increasingly threatened by demand for their scales, which are used in traditional medicines, and for their meat, which is consumed as a luxury. As populations of Asian
Potential risk zone for anthropogenic mortality of carnivores in Gandaki Province, Nepal
Abstract Anthropogenic pressures in human‐dominated landscapes often contribute to wildlife mortality. Carnivores are especially vulnerable to human‐induced mortality due to the perceived threat to
Diet and prey selectivity of the specialist myrmecophage, Temminck's ground pangolin
The stable isotope data corroborate the direct observations and confirm that pangolins display a high degree of prey selectivity, however stable isotopes alone were not able to infer the diet of pangolin as a number of non-prey species had similar isotopic values to prey species.
Isolation and characterization of 30 STRs in Temminck’s ground pangolin (Smutsia temminckii) and potential for cross amplification in other African species
This study provides data of the first available STR markers which was amplified in all four African pangolin species that can now be used in conservation genetic and evolutionary aspects of population histories.
Smutsia temminckii – Temminck’s Ground Pangolin
Recommended citation: Pietersen D, Jansen R, Swart J, Kotze A. 2016. A conservation assessment of Smutsia temminckii. In Child MF, Roxburgh L, Do Linh San E, Raimondo D, Davies-Mostert HT, editors.
Drivers of the Illegal Hunting of Serval (Leptailurus serval) and Oribi (Ourebia ourebi) in the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands, South Africa
In most marginalized rural areas of developing countries, where employment opportunities and income channels are limited, illegal hunting of wildlife for subsistence and commercial purposes often


Utilisation of Pangolin (Manis sps) in traditional Yorubic medicine in Ijebu province, Ogun State, Nigeria
Traditional Yorubic medical practices eats deep into the reproductive base of the species, presently listed in Appendix II of CITES and Schedule I of the Nigerian Decree 11 (1985), both of which recommended strict control in sales and utilisation of this species.
Traditional-medical knowledge and perception of pangolins (manis sps) among the awori people, Southwestern Nigeria
The dynamics of the use of pangolin in trado-medicinal preparations amongst the Awori people are investigated, finding that pangolins' abundance is steadily decreasing and utilisation in traditional medicine has no consideration for sustainability.
Animals traded for traditional medicine at the faraday market in South Africa: species diversity and conservation implications
Overall, species diversity in the Faraday market was moderately high and highest for mammals and birds, respectively, and evenness values indicated that relatively few species were dominant.
Red data book of the mammals of South Africa : a conservation assessment
Over 30 organisations collaborated to produce this publication. It covers 295 terrestrial and marine species and subspecies of mammals, which were assessed within South African borders, excluding
Biology, husbandry, and veterinary care of captive Chinese pangolins (Manis pentadactyla)
Experience indicates that the minimum requirements for Chinese pangolins is an enclosure 10–12 m2, 26°C ambient temperature, a nest box with sand floor, and litter boxes placed in one or two corners of the enclosure for defecation and urination.
Impact of Market Hunting on Mammal Species in Equatorial Guinea.
Comparison of actual and potential harvests showed that Bioko animals are heavily exploited, some of them unsustainably, which poses severe risks for the conservation of the island's unique fauna that must be addressed immediately.
Preliminary studies on relocation of Cape pangolins Manis temminckii
In this preliminary study radio-telemetry methods were used to assess the success of relocation of Manis temminckii. Observations included daily location of the pangolins, gross measures of distance
Home range size and distribution in a wild population of Cape pangolins, Manis temminckii, in north‐west Zimbabwe
The aim of this study was to estimate the size of the home range used by individual Cape pangolins (Manis temminckii). The study was conducted in 1991–95 at Sengwa Wildlife Research Institute, Gokwe,
Foraging behaviour and ecology of the Cape pangolin (Manis temminckii) in north‐western Zimbabwe
An ethogram was developed for the foraging Cape pangolin which suggests greater variability in activity patterns than previously thought and the importance of vegetation on behaviour patterns and feeding site utilization.