A Review of Molecular Phylogenetic Studies of Rubiaceae1

  title={A Review of Molecular Phylogenetic Studies of Rubiaceae1},
  author={Birgitta Bremer},
Abstract Rubiaceae is one of the five largest families of flowering plants with over 13,000 species. We have seen a tremendous increase in our understanding of the phylogeny of the family through studies on molecular data during the 15-year period from 1991 to 2005; some new relationships are completely unexpected and different from traditional classification. At the end of 2005, ca. 50 phylogenetic reconstructions from the family had been published based on more than 4400 sequences. Most… 

Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the tribe Alberteae (Rubiaceae), with description of a new genus, Razafimandimbisonia

The genus Alberta is found to be paraphyletic as presently circumscribed and the new genus Razafimandimbisonia Kainul is proposed by C. & B. Bremer to accommodate the Malagasy species.

Chloroplast genomes of Rubiaceae: Comparative genomics and molecular phylogeny in subfamily Ixoroideae

The main objectives of this study are to gain insight in chloroplast genome evolution in the Rubiaceae (Ixoroideae) through efficient methodology for de novo assembly of plastid genomes; and to test the efficiency of mining SNPs in the nuclear genome of Ixoroidae based on the use of a coffee reference genome to produce well-supported nuclear trees.

Molecular systematics and morphological character evolution of the Condamineeae (Rubiaceae).

Morphological ancestral state reconstructions indicate that protogyny have evolved at least two times within the Condamineeae and that indehiscent fruits, loculicidal fruit dehiscence, and intrapetiolar stipules have evolved independently several times.

Phylogenetic structure and clade circumscriptions in the Gardenieae complex (Rubiaceae)

The phylogeny of this large and diverse Rubiaceae-Gardenieae and closely related tribes Bertiereae, Coffeeae, Cremasporeae, Octotropideae, and Pavetteae is reconstructed using an extensive sampling of 108 genera and five plastid DNA regions.

中国被子植物科属概览: 依据APG III系统

This study investigates circumscriptions of families and genera of native and introduced angiosperms in China according to the APG III classification system and recent phylogenetic studies and found that there are 258 native and 55 introduced families, and 2,872 introduced genera in China.

Four new endemic genera of Rubiaceae (Pavetteae) from Madagascar represent multiple radiations into drylands

The description of the four new genera shows that the tribe Pavetteae exhibits the same pattern as many plant groups in Madagascar, which are characterised by a high proportion of endemic genera comprising a single or a few species.

Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the Philippine endemic Villaria Rolfe (Rubiaceae)

Parsimony and Bayesian analyses of the combined plastid dataset strongly support the inclusion of Villaria in Octotropideae as well as monophyly of the genus, but the molecular results do not conform to the current informal groups of the tribe delimited by fruit size, ovule position, number of seeds and exotesta thickenings.

Conflicting phylogenetic signals in genomic data of the coffee family (Rubiaceae)

This work contributes new data from complete 58 plastid genome sequences, representing 55 of the currently 65 recognized tribes of the Rubiaceae, and identifies conflicting phylogenetic signals in the data.

Delimitation of the genus Margaritopsis (Rubiaceae) in the Asian, Australasian and Pacific region, based on molecular phylogenetic inference and morphology

Phylogenetic topologies reveal biogeographical patterns, including a main route of dispersal from western to eastern parts of the AMP region, with subsequent dispersals between archipelagos in the region.




The non-Loganiaceae taxa Cinchona (Rubiaceae), Nerium (Apocynaceae), and Exacum (Gentianaceae) were all found to have their closest relatives within the Loganiaceae indicating that the loganiaceae are paraphyletic and ought to be reclassified.

Phylogeny and classification of the subfamily Rubioideae (Rubiaceae)

P phylogenetic analyses of the subfamily Rubioideae (Rubiaceae) based on three different pieces of chloroplast DNA, the protein coding rbcL gene, the spacer sequence betweenatpB andrbcL, and the recently published rps16 intron data are performed.

Phylogeny ofRubiaceae-Rubieae inferred from the sequence of a cpDNA intergene region

A phylogenetic analysis of 25 species, representing eight genera of theRubieae tribe (Rubiaceae), has been made using the DNA sequence of the chloroplastatp B-rbc L intergene region, finding five groups are clearly separated and described as informal clades.

Paraphyly of Paederieae, recognition of Putorieae and expansion of Plocama (Rubiaceae-Rubioideae)

This thesis deals with phylogenetic relationships at different taxonomic levels of the order Gentianales, which comprises about 17 200 species, based on parsimony analyses of nucleotide sequence data (DNA) from different regions in the chloroplast genome.

Searching for the relatives of Coffea (Rubiaceae, Ixoroideae): the circumscription and phylogeny of Coffeeae based on plastid sequence data and morphology.

The circumscription of Coffeeae (Rubiaceae) and phylogenetic relationships within the tribe were evaluated using sequence data from four plastid regions and a morphological data set and support an enlarged circumscription for Coffeeae, containing 11 genera.

A phylogeny of Urophylleae (Rubiaceae) based on rps16 intron data

Using sequence data from the rps16 intron to address the question where the four genera Temnopteryx, Pentaloncha, Pleiocarpidia, and Poecilocalyx belong, it is shown that there is conflict regarding the resolution among lineages in Rubioideae, which partly affects the support for relationships within Urophylleae.

Phylogeny and classification of Naucleeae s.l. (Rubiaceae) inferred from molecular (ITS, rBCL, and tRNT-F) and morphological data.

The study supports the monophyly of the subtribes Anthocephalidae, Mitragynae, Uncariae all sensu Haviland and Naucleinae sensu Ridsdale and results were inconclusive for assessing the relationships among Adina, Adinauclea, Metadina, and Pertusadina.

Collapse ofIsertieae, re-establishment ofMussaendeae, and a new genus ofSabiceeae (Rubiaceae); phylogenetic relationships based onrbcL data

The investigation of molecular data neither supports the phylogeny of Andersson nor the classification of Robbrecht, but instead indicates totally new relationships ofIsertieae, Mussaendeae, andSabiceeae.

Phylogenetic utility of the nuclear rDNA ITS region in subfamilyIxoroideae (Rubiaceae): Comparisons with cpDNArbcL sequence data

ITS of the nrDNA were sequenced for 21 taxa inIxoroideae and outgroups (Rubiaceae) and compared with sequences of the cp-generbcL and inconsistencies found may be caused by density of taxon sampling, different evolutionary rates, phylogenetic sorting, homoplasy caused by functional constraints, or sampling of non-orthologous ITS types.

Molecular Phylogeny of the Tribe Anthospermeae (Rubiaceae): Systematic and Biogeographic Implications

It is concluded that it is dubious whether the tribe Anthospermeae is monophyletic including Carpacoce, and that the group was spread by long-distance dispersal to north-eastern Antarctica.