A Review of Hybrid Cauliflower Development

  title={A Review of Hybrid Cauliflower Development},
  author={S. R. Sharma and Praveen K. Singh and V{\'e}ronique Chable and S. K. Tripathi},
  journal={Journal of New Seeds},
  pages={151 - 193}
Summary Cauliflower is an important vegetable crop which belongs to the family Brassicaceae and is grown in many countries like India, China, Italy, Europe, America, etc. It is grown for its highly suppressed ‘prefloral fleshy apical meristem’ branches called “curd.” It is a cross-pollinated crop. There are different groups based on their characteristics. Multiple pollination mechanisms, e.g., self-incompatibility and male sterility, not only encourages cross-pollination but also found useful… 
Breeding Cauliflower: A Review
The rapidly growing knowledge of advance tools of parental line development, molecular markers, and biotechnological techniques will provide enhanced precision and extend options to support future cauliflower breeding programs.
General and specific combining ability in tropical winter cauliflower
The results of the choice of hybrids made by the method of independent culling levels reflect what it could be predicted by estimating GCA for cycle and average mass of the curd, reaffirming the importance of additive effects in the expression of these traits.
Advancement in CMS Based Hybrid Development in Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. Botrytis)
Cytoplasmic male sterility mechanism is most suitable for hybrid development in cauliflower because here the curd (intermediate stage) is an edible part of the cauliflower.
Variability studies in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.) for horticultural traits under mid hill conditions of North-Western Himalayas, India
The result suggested the importance of additive gene action for the inheritance of these characters thus improvement can be brought about by phenotypic selection for these characters.
Evaluation of cauliflower genotypes by different growing method
Cauliflower is currently cultivated on 350-400 thousand hectares in the world and around 1500 ha in Hungary. Its cultivation requires considerable expertise as it is sensitive to environmental
Screening of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L.) germplasm for resistance to downy mildew [Hyaloperonospora parasitica Constant (Pers.:Fr) Fr.] and designing appropriate multiple resistance breeding strategies
Different stages of plant development showed a strong positive correlation for downy mildew reaction in the genotypes tested, and genotypes identified as resistant can be used as donors to develop multiply-resistant varieties of cauliflower.
Molecular investigation of genetic variation to improve uniformity of cauliflower production
Comparison between Indonesian and Australian based cultivars indicated that Indonesian cultivars have unique genotypes and would be good sources of genes for future crop improvement and proved that R A P D markers can be used for the routine identification of cauliflower cultivars.
Agronomic performance of new open pollinated experimental lines of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica) evaluated under organic farming
Testing the seasonal suitability of all open pollinating lines showed that the considered fall season was better for broccoli production, while “CHE-GRE-G”, “Calinaro” and “CAN-SPB” performed the best in the fall growing season, and ”Line 701” were best inThe springgrowing season, specifically due to the highest marketable yield and proportion of marketable heads.
Developmental Response of Pieris brassicae (L.) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) on Different Cauliflower Cultivars under Laboratory Conditions
The results showed that the larval development of P. brassicae was short (35 days), longer larval length (32.41 mm), larval mortality was low (6.6%) and pupal weight was high (0.50 g) on Clima cultivar.


Cauliflower: Brassica oleracea L.
Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis L.)
Cauliflower is one variety of the highly polymorphic species Brassica oleracea, that also includes cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, brussels sprouts and broccoli, and is an important source of vegetable
Multiple disease resistance in cauliflower
Five temperate cauliflower varieties were evaluated in the field over a period of 2 years for their multiple resistance to alternaria blight, black rot, and downy mildew diseases and for their performance for some economic characters.
Inheritance of Resistance to Drying at Bolting and Seed Formation Stage in Cauliflower
The resistance to drying at seed formation stage was dominant over susceptibility and governed by polygenes, and the additive gene effects were found to be greater than dominance in most of the cases.
Molecular, phenotypic, and flow cytometric analysis of more than 100 fusion-derived plants identified some diploid cauliflower cybrids that were CMS but contained chloroplasts from the fertile fusion partner that no longer showed the chlorosis seen in the original Ogura CMS material at low temperatures.
Seedling and adult plant resistance to downy mildew (Peronospora parasitica) in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea convar. botrytis var. botrytis)
The results suggest that cotyledon resistance similar to that described could provide resistance throughout the adult plant stage, including curds.
Field resistance in different cultivars of cauliflower against the head borer, Hellula undalis Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
Sixty-four cultivars of cauliflower were screened under field conditions at Delhi in 1990 against the cauliflower head borer, Hellula undalis Fabricius. None of the varieties was immune and none was
Combining ability in early Indian cauliflower
The inbred 103 was found to be best combiner for all the characters and the cross 105 x 108 showed maximum yield potential, and the performance of the inbreds was in general associated with their general combining ability effects.
Investigations on Hybrid Vigour in Cauliflower (Brassica Oleracea Var. Botrytis L.)
Eight cauliflower crosses were compared with their parents and a standard variety Giant Snow Ball under two sowing dates (2-8-73 and 22-8-73) for maturity period and curd weight. Four hybrids were
The occurrence of self-incompatibility in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. Botrytis L. subvar. Cauliflora dc.) and the possibilities to produce uniform varieties
It was found that the early cauliflower varieties show a low level of self-incompatibility and most of the late cauliflower variety a higher level ofSelf-inCompatibility.