A Review of Chemical Warfare Agent Simulants for the Study of Environmental Behavior

  title={A Review of Chemical Warfare Agent Simulants for the Study of Environmental Behavior},
  author={Shannon L. Bartelt-Hunt and Detlef R. U. Knappe and Morton A. Barlaz},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology},
  pages={112 - 136}
There is renewed interest in the environmental fate of chemical warfare agents attributable to the intensified threat of chemical weapons use in a terrorist attack. Knowledge of processes that influence the fate of agents such as distilled mustard, lewisite, tabun, sarin, soman, and VX in the environment is important for development of disposal strategies and for risk and exposure assessments. However, it is often necessary to conduct studies examining chemical agent behavior using simulants… 
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The two major threat classes of chemical weapons are mustard gas and the nerve agents, and this has not changed in over 50 years, but the perception of the potency and perception of "toxicity" has.
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