A Retrospective Outcome Study and Review of Hypnosis as Treatment of Adults with Sleepwalking and Sleep Terror

  title={A Retrospective Outcome Study and Review of Hypnosis as Treatment of Adults with Sleepwalking and Sleep Terror},
  author={Thomas D. Hurwitz and Mark W. Mahowald and Carlos H Schenck and J L Schluter and Scott R. Bundlie},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
Hypnosis has been described anecdotally to be effective in the treatment of sleepwalking and sleep terror, potentially dangerous parasomnias. The authors report the use of hypnosis in the treatment of 27 adult patients with these disorders. A total of 74% of these individuals reported much or very much improvement when followed over substantial periods after instruction in self-hypnotic exercises that were practiced in the home. Hypnosis, often preferred over pharmacotherapy by patients… 
Behavioral Interventions for Parasomnias
Parasomnias are phenomena which may arise from NREM sleep (confusional arousals, sleep terrors, and sleepwalking) or REM sleep (nightmares). All are more common in children. While generally benign
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Sleep medicine clinics
  • 2015
Because hypnosis allows for relaxation, increased suggestibility, posthypnotic suggestion, imagery rehearsal, access to preconscious cognitions and emotions, and cognitive restructuring, disorders of sleep such as the insomnias, parasomnia, and related mood or anxiety disorders can be amenable to this therapeutic intervention.
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  • P. Hauri, M. Silber, B. Boeve
  • Medicine
    Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
  • 2007
One or 2 sessions of hypnotherapy might be an efficient first-line therapy for patients with certain types of parasomnias.
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The rationale of using hypnotherapy to manage various types of sleep disorders is examined, and the techniques, strategies and hypnotic scripts employed by various hypnotherapists are explored.
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This is the first report of successful use of self-hypnosis for the treatment of polysomnogram-proven disorders of arousal in the pediatric population and seven additional children who were treated equally successfully with hypnosis without the use of medication.
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No properly powered rigorous controlled trials were found for treatment of sleepwalking in adults and with no high quality evidence to underpin recommendations for treatments of somnambulism, full discussion with patients is advised.
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While the prognosis for arousal disorders is generally excellent, the diagnosis of REM behaviour disorder (RBD) is more ominous and associated with neurodegenerative disorders, and as such, requires routine neurological surveillance.
Somnambulism: clinical aspects and pathophysiological hypotheses
The traditional idea of somnambulism as a disorder of arousal might be too restrictive and a comprehensive view should include the idea of simultaneous interplay between states of sleep and wakefulness.