A Report on Safety Analysis of Tubeless Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy


The objective is to evaluate clinical indications and safety of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for the treatment of stones in upper urinary tract. A total of 231 subjects accepted to undergo tubeless PCNL, both micro-channel and standard operation were performed. After PCNL, renal gastrostomy tube was not placed also catheters and double-J… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s12013-014-0491-6


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