A Reflection on the Effects of the 985 Project

  title={A Reflection on the Effects of the 985 Project},
  author={Cheng Ying},
  journal={Chinese Education \& Society},
  pages={19 - 30}
  • Cheng Ying
  • Published 1 September 2011
  • Education
  • Chinese Education & Society
China's 985 Project, which came after the 211 Project, is a key program of the Chinese government to create world-class universities and high-level research universities. The central government invested a total of RMB32.9 billion in special funds for phase I (1999-2001) and phase II (2004-2007) of the project, assisting thirty-nine universities. After the establishment of the 985 Project, the international competitiveness and internationalization level of its participating institutions were… 

Establishing world-class universities in China: deploying a quasi-experimental design to evaluate the net effects of Project 985

ABSTRACT The rapid advances of China’s universities in major international league tables are generally believed to be an accomplishment of Project 985. A quasi-experimental study was, therefore,

Reflections on the Effects of the 985 Project in Mainland China

Socio-economic transformation and growth in China have led to unprecedented changes in higher education in the last three decades. The notion of a “world-class university” is high on the policy

Academic Leaders in Leading Chinese Universities

The Double First-Class Initiative is now underway in a number of Chinese universities, of which about 36 are designated as level-A first-class universities of China. What kind of academic leaders do

Tracking the development of disciplinary structure in China’s top research universities (1998–2013)

This study focuses on the development of disciplinary structure in China’s top research universities. Using the science structures of Mainland China, the world, and the world’s top 10 universities as

Asserting Global Leadership in Higher Education: Governance with Strong Government in China

  • Jin JiangK. Mok
  • Education
    Transformations in Higher Education Governance in Asia
  • 2019
In the last few decades, China has recorded unprecedented growth in higher education (HE) in terms of enrolment (system capacity) and enrolment rate (enrolment relative to age cohort). In light of

China's World-Class 2.0: Towards More Institutionalized and Participatory Policymaking?

  • Litao Zhao
  • Political Science
    The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies
  • 2018
China's quest to have world-class universities has entered a new phase since 2015, with the 'Double World-Class Project' replacing the '985 Project' and the '211 Project' launched in the 1990s. The

Development and Prospect of World-Class Universities in East Asia and Beyond

This chapter focuses on issues and debates on current development and future trends of world-class universities in East Asian countries and regions. World-class universities, also known as research

International doctoral graduates from China and South Korea: a trend analysis of the association between the selectivity of undergraduate and that of US doctoral institutions

This study explores whether patterns of doctorate attainment among Chinese and Korean international students in the USA have changed over time, both in terms of quantity (i.e., number of

Balancing excellence and diversity in higher education? The role of the Chinese first-level discipline evaluation scheme

ABSTRACT Balancing excellence and diversity effectively in the higher education sector is one of the most challenging tasks for national governments. While a number of countries around the world have

Evaluation of university scientific research ability based on the output of sci-tech papers: A D-AHP approach

The evaluation of university scientific research ability is investigated based on the output of sci-tech papers and a new MCDM method called D-AHP model is used to implement the evaluation and ranking of different university alliances from North America, UK, Australia, and China.



The Quest for World Class Universities in China: Critical Reflections

Building world-class universities has become a national policy priority in China since then-President Jiang Zemin announced in May 1998 that China must have several world-class universities of

China's Research Culture

Government research funds in China have been growing at an annual rate of more than 20%, exceeding even the expectations of China's most enthusiastic scientists, but rampant problems in research funding are slowing down China's potential pace of innovation.

Introduction to the 211 Project

    The Investment of the 211 Project.

    • edoas/Web site18/05/inf01207014998988805.htm, accessed October
    • 2010

    The 211 Project Coordination Group

    • 2007

    Performance-Based Funding Reform and Development of Chinese Higher Education: The Cases of the 211 and 985 Projects.

    • China Higher Education Research,
    • 2008

    Shanghai Municipal Education Committee, Shanghai Municipal Development and Reform Commission, and Shanghai Municipal Human Resource and Social Security Bureau

    • Policy Document

    Is China a Magnet for Global Talent?

    • Far Eastern Economic Review
    • 2006

    Is China a Magnet for Global Talent?” Far Eastern Economic Review 169, no

    • 6: 37–43. To order reprints, call 1-800-352-2210; outside the United States, call 717-632-3535.
    • 2006