A Reciprocal Effects Model of the Temporal Ordering of Coping and Defenses.


This study aimed to examine how coping and defenses are related over time, using a two-wave cross-lagged panel design. Coping and defenses were assessed before and after a sport competition in a sample of 296 competitive athletes. Partial least squares path modeling results showed that (a) pre-competitive mature defenses predicted increases in the use of… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/smi.2690


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