A Reassessment of Prebiotic Organic Synthesis in Neutral Planetary Atmospheres

  title={A Reassessment of Prebiotic Organic Synthesis in Neutral Planetary Atmospheres},
  author={H. Cleaves and John H. Chalmers and A. Lazcano and S. Miller and J. L. Bada},
  journal={Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres},
  • H. Cleaves, John H. Chalmers, +2 authors J. L. Bada
  • Published 2007
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres
  • The action of an electric discharge on reduced gas mixtures such as H2O, CH4 and NH3 (or N2) results in the production of several biologically important organic compounds including amino acids. However, it is now generally held that the early Earth’s atmosphere was likely not reducing, but was dominated by N2 and CO2. The synthesis of organic compounds by the action of electric discharges on neutral gas mixtures has been shown to be much less efficient. We show here that contrary to previous… CONTINUE READING
    168 Citations

    Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper.

    Atmospheric Prebiotic Chemistry and Organic Hazes
    • M. Trainer
    • Chemistry, Medicine
    • Current organic chemistry
    • 2013
    • 34
    • PDF
    Atmospheric Production of Glycolaldehyde Under Hazy Prebiotic Conditions
    • 23
    The Use of Ascorbate as an Oxidation Inhibitor in Prebiotic Amino Acid Synthesis: A Cautionary Note
    • 5
    • Highly Influenced
    The Origin of Life in Alkaline Hydrothermal Vents.
    • 97
    • PDF
    Elementary Reactions and Their Role in Gas-Phase Prebiotic Chemistry
    • N. Balucani
    • Chemistry, Medicine
    • International journal of molecular sciences
    • 2009
    • 61
    • PDF
    A possible prebiotic origin on volcanic islands of oligopyrrole-type photopigments and electron transfer cofactors.
    • 24


    Hydrazines and carbohydrazides produced from oxidized carbon in Earth's primitive environment
    • 21
    • Highly Influential
    Prebiotic synthesis from CO atmospheres: Implications for the origins of life
    • 115
    • PDF
    Prebiotic synthesis in atmospheres containing CH4, CO, and CO2
    • 148
    A production of amino acids under possible primitive earth conditions.
    • 2,318
    • PDF
    Amino acids on the rampant primordial Earth: Electric discharges and the hot salty ocean
    • 50
    Organic compound synthesis on the primitive earth.
    • 531
    Model experiments on nitrite and nitrate in simulated primeval conditions
    • 15
    • Highly Influential
    Chemical events on the primitive Earth.
    • P. H. Abelson
    • Chemistry, Medicine
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    • 1966
    • 231
    • PDF
    Sources and Sinks for Ammonia and Nitrite on the Early Earth and the Reaction of Nitrite with Ammonia
    • D. P. Summers
    • Chemistry, Medicine
    • Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere
    • 2004
    • 32