A Reappraisal of Stress Field and Convective Roll Models for the Origin and Distribution of Cretaceous to Recent Intraplate Volcanism in the Pacific Basin

  title={A Reappraisal of Stress Field and Convective Roll Models for the Origin and Distribution of Cretaceous to Recent Intraplate Volcanism in the Pacific Basin},
  author={Alan Def. Smith},
  journal={International Geology Review},
  pages={287 - 302}
  • A. Smith
  • Published 1 April 2003
  • Geology
  • International Geology Review
Correlations between volcanic output along the Hawaiian and Cook-Austral-Marquesas chains and basin-wide plate reorganizations at 25 and 5 Ma support the contention of Jackson and Shaw (1975) that intraplate volcanism throughout the Pacific basin is controlled by the transmitted stress field. Reconstruction of the Pacific Basin for the Early Cretaceous through Eocene based on a paleomagnetic model demonstrates that oceanic plateaus (Shatsky Rise, Mid-Pacific Mountains, Magellan Rise, Ontong… 

Propagation of the Hawaiian-Emperor volcano chain by Pacific plate cooling stress

The lithosphere crack model, the main alternative to the mantle plume model for age-progressive magma emplacement along the Hawaiian-Emperor volcano chain, requires the maximum horizontal tensile

The age and origin of the Pacific islands: a geological overview

    V. NeallS. Trewick
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2008
The geology of 10 exemplar archipelagos (Japan, Izu-Bonin, Palau, Solomons, Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Society, Galápagos and Hawaii) is discussed in detail and the 11 linear volcanic chains identified are briefly described and its history summarized.

Speculations on Cretaceous tectonic history of the northwest Pacific and a tectonic origin for the Hawaii hotspot

Current interpretations of Cretaceous tectonic evolution of the Northwest Pacific trace interactions between the Pacific plate and three other plates, the Farallon, Izanagi and Kula plates. The

Tectonics and mechanism of a spreading ridge subduction at the Chile Triple Junction based on new marine geophysical data

Copyright © 2013 by The Geochemical Society of Japan. sage for large amounts of terrigenous sediment, is located on the continental slope off the coast of the South American continent near the CTJ.

A plate model for Jurassic to Recent intraplate volcanism in the Pacific Ocean basin

Figure 2d indicates formation of the Caribbean Plate in the late Cretaceous. Obducted Jurassic crust around the Caribbean is taken to indicate late Jurassic-early Cretaceous spreading. This would

Convection Plumes in the Lower Mantle

THE concept of crustal plate motion over mantle hotspots has been advanced1 to explain the origin of the Hawaiian and other island chains and the origin of the Walvis, Iceland-Farroe and other

Failure of plume theory to explain midplate volcanism in the southern Austral islands

It has long been recognized that the properties of the Cook–Austral chain (Fig. 1) of volcanoes in the South Pacific are difficult to reconcile with the theory that volcanic activity in plate

Magnetic lineations within Shatsky Rise, northwest Pacific Ocean: Implications for hot spot‐triple junction interaction and oceanic plateau formation

Oceanic plateaus are major ocean features, yet their origins and development are poorly understood. Many are huge piles of basalt, and it is widely accepted that mantle plumes are their source,

Stress fields in central portions of the Pacific Plate: Delineated in time by linear volcanic chains

Many linear island chains in the Pacific appear to consist of individual volcanic shields that lie on relatively short, curved loci sometimes of sigmoidal form. These loci, in turn, lie at an angle

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The Hawaiian Ridge and Emperor Seamounts appear to form a single chain of tholeiitic shield volcanoes that erupted sequentially on the sea floor of the central Pacific Ocean during Tertiary and