A Reappraisal of Stress Field and Convective Roll Models for the Origin and Distribution of Cretaceous to Recent Intraplate Volcanism in the Pacific Basin

  title={A Reappraisal of Stress Field and Convective Roll Models for the Origin and Distribution of Cretaceous to Recent Intraplate Volcanism in the Pacific Basin},
  author={Alan Def. Smith},
  journal={International Geology Review},
  pages={287 - 302}
  • A. Smith
  • Published 1 April 2003
  • Geology
  • International Geology Review
Correlations between volcanic output along the Hawaiian and Cook-Austral-Marquesas chains and basin-wide plate reorganizations at 25 and 5 Ma support the contention of Jackson and Shaw (1975) that intraplate volcanism throughout the Pacific basin is controlled by the transmitted stress field. Reconstruction of the Pacific Basin for the Early Cretaceous through Eocene based on a paleomagnetic model demonstrates that oceanic plateaus (Shatsky Rise, Mid-Pacific Mountains, Magellan Rise, Ontong… 
Propagation of the Hawaiian-Emperor volcano chain by Pacific plate cooling stress
The lithosphere crack model, the main alternative to the mantle plume model for age-progressive magma emplacement along the Hawaiian-Emperor volcano chain, requires the maximum horizontal tensile
An unrecognized major collision of the Okhotomorsk Block with East Asia during the Late Cretaceous, constraints on the plate reorganization of the Northwest Pacific
Abstract Interactions at plate boundaries induce stresses that constitute critical controls on the structural evolution of intraplate regions. However, the traditional tectonic model for the East
Primitive high-K intraoceanic arc magmas of Eastern Kamchatka: Implications for Paleo-Pacific tectonics and magmatism in the Cretaceous
Abstract Tectonic reconstructions of the Cretaceous paleo-Pacific system show several significant tectonic and magmatic events, including the formation of several spreading centers, microplates and
The age and origin of the Pacific islands: a geological overview
  • V. Neall, S. Trewick
  • Geology, Medicine
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2008
The geology of 10 exemplar archipelagos (Japan, Izu-Bonin, Palau, Solomons, Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Society, Galápagos and Hawaii) is discussed in detail and the 11 linear volcanic chains identified are briefly described and its history summarized.
New 40Ar / 39Ar age and geochemical data from seamounts in the Canary and Madeira volcanic provinces: Support for the mantle plume hypothesis
The role of mantleplumes in the formation of intraplate volcanic islands and seamount chains is being increasingly questioned. Particular examples are the abundant and somewhat irregularly
Mantle Dynamics and Generation of a Geochemical Mantle Boundary along the East Pacific Rise -Pacific/Antarctic ridge
A large-scale mantle compositional discontinuity was identified along the East Pacific Rise (EPR) and the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge (PAR) with an inferred transition located at the EPR 23 degrees S-32
Flat slab subduction, trench suction, and craton destruction: Comparison of the North China, Wyoming, and Brazilian cratons
Abstract The mechanisms of growth and destruction of continental lithosphere have been long debated. We define and test a unifying plate tectonic driving mechanism that explains the numerous
Speculations on Cretaceous tectonic history of the northwest Pacific and a tectonic origin for the Hawaii hotspot
Current interpretations of Cretaceous tectonic evolution of the Northwest Pacific trace interactions between the Pacific plate and three other plates, the Farallon, Izanagi and Kula plates. The
A plate model for Jurassic to Recent intraplate volcanism in the Pacific Ocean basin
Figure 2d indicates formation of the Caribbean Plate in the late Cretaceous. Obducted Jurassic crust around the Caribbean is taken to indicate late Jurassic-early Cretaceous spreading. This would
A Possible Origin of the Hawaiian Islands
It is noted that different physicists and geologists have in recent years espoused not less than four groups of theories of the physical behavior of the Earth’s interior. Recent observations of


Non-hotspot formation of volcanic chains: control of tectonic and flexural stresses on magma transport
The South Pacific, in the vicinity of both the superswell and the East Pacific Rise, is repleat with volcanic chains that, unlike the Emperor-Hawaiian Chain, defy the hypothesis of formation via the
Orthogonal intersections of megatrends in the Western Pacific ocean basin : a case study of the Mid-Pacific mountains
Abstract Present-day tectonic concepts of events on the western paleo-Pacific lithosphere must be assessed relative to new data. Data collected by the newer techniques of geophysical surveying reveal
Convection Plumes in the Lower Mantle
THE concept of crustal plate motion over mantle hotspots has been advanced1 to explain the origin of the Hawaiian and other island chains and the origin of the Walvis, Iceland-Farroe and other
Failure of plume theory to explain midplate volcanism in the southern Austral islands
It has long been recognized that the properties of the Cook–Austral chain (Fig. 1) of volcanoes in the South Pacific are difficult to reconcile with the theory that volcanic activity in plate
Magnetic lineations within Shatsky Rise, northwest Pacific Ocean: Implications for hot spot‐triple junction interaction and oceanic plateau formation
Oceanic plateaus are major ocean features, yet their origins and development are poorly understood. Many are huge piles of basalt, and it is widely accepted that mantle plumes are their source,
Peridotites and volcanics from the Yap arc system: implications for tectonics of the southern Philippine Sea Plate
Satellite altimetry reveals a continuous, N20°E-trending bathymetric feature, extending from the Yap Trench through the North Yap Escarpment (NYE) to the Parece Vela Rift, suggesting a genetic
Plate motion changes, the Hawaiian-Emperor bend, and the apparent success and failure of geodynamic models
Abstract Geodynamic models explain present-day plate motions in terms of mantle buoyancy forces arising from subducted lithosphere and lithospheric thickening, or from velocity anomalies mapped by
Stress fields in central portions of the Pacific Plate: Delineated in time by linear volcanic chains
Many linear island chains in the Pacific appear to consist of individual volcanic shields that lie on relatively short, curved loci sometimes of sigmoidal form. These loci, in turn, lie at an angle
Aligned buoyant highs, across-trench deformation, clustered volcanoes, and deep earthquakes are not aligned with plate-tectonic theory
Abstract Bathymetry shows the regional interaction of aseismic, buoyant highs in northern Pacific subduction zones. Seamounts, ridges, and fractures on the seaward side of the trench are associated
Hawaiian-Emperor Chain and Its Relation to Cenozoic Circumpacific Tectonics
The Hawaiian Ridge and Emperor Seamounts appear to form a single chain of tholeiitic shield volcanoes that erupted sequentially on the sea floor of the central Pacific Ocean during Tertiary and