A Rational Analysis of the Selection Task as Optimal Data Selection

  title={A Rational Analysis of the Selection Task as Optimal Data Selection},
  author={Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater},
Human reasoning in hypothesis-testing tasks like Wason's (1966, 1968) selection task has been depicted as prone to systematic biases. However, performance on this task has been assessed against a now outmoded falsificationist philosophy of science. Therefore, the experimental data is reassessed in the light of a Bayesian model of optimal data selection in inductive hypothesis testing. The model provides a rational analysis (Anderson, 1990) of the selection task that fits well with people's… CONTINUE READING
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