A Race Apart: Insularity and Connectivity

  title={A Race Apart: Insularity and Connectivity},
  author={Barry W. Cunliffe},
  journal={Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society},
  pages={55 - 64}
  • B. Cunliffe
  • Published 2009
  • Art
  • Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
This paper seeks to re-examine the long-held view that the Celtic language developed somewhere in west central Europe and was carried westwards to the Atlantic zone, eventually reaching Ireland. An overview of the archaeological evidence for Atlantic connectivity illustrates the longue durée of community interactions along the seaways, beginning around 9000 BC, to the second quarter of the 3rd millennium. At this time mobility increased dramatically and it has been shown clearly that the… 

An Alternative to ‘Celtic from the East’ and ‘Celtic from the West’

This article discusses a problem in integrating archaeology and philology. For most of the twentieth century, archaeologists associated the spread of the Celtic languages with the supposed westward

The Celtic Question: An Assessment of Identity Definition in the European Iron Age

The identity of the “Celts” has played an integral role in understandings of the Iron Age and the more recent socio-political history of Europe. However, the terms and attitudes which have been in

Beyond Elites: Reassessing Irish Iron Age Society

Summary The past two decades have seen an expansion of archaeological activity on the island of Ireland that has transformed our knowledge and understanding of most periods in Irish prehistory and

Prehistoric Britain, edited by Joshua Pollard, 2008. Oxford: Blackwell; ISBN 978-1-4051-2545-1 hardback £55; ISBN 978-1-4051-2546-8 paperback £19.99; xiv+367 pp., 61 figs., 3 tables

  • J. Last
  • History
    Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • 2009
rather different position, as on pp. 270 and 290–95. Differing perspectives of this ongoing controversy are duly noted, including the overpowering Eurocentricity of several recent syntheses; Barham

DNA analysis of Castanea sativa (sweet chestnut) in Britain and Ireland: Elucidating European origins and genepool diversity

Clones of C. sativa were identified in Britain, defining for the first time the antiquity of some ancient trees and coppice stools, evincing both natural regeneration and anthropogenic propagation over many centuries and informing the chronology of the species’ arrival in Britain.

965X and Cherubini, Marcello (2019) DNA analysis of Castanea sativa (sweet chestnut) in Britain and Ireland: Elucidating European origins and genepool

Castanea sativa is classified as non-indigenous in Britain and Ireland. It was long held that it was first introduced into Britain by the Romans, until a recent study found no corroborative evidence

New Approaches to Old Stones: Recent Studies of Ground Stone Artifacts

1. Introduction: Keeping our Noses to the Grinding Stone Yorke M. Rowan and Jennie R. Ebeling Part I: Production and Exchange 2. Geological Constraints on Ground Stone Production and Consumption in

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A population model for Britain was produced taking into account this long term, low level migration that showed that the estimates of Germani immigration into Britain could be reconciled without the need for introducing an apartheid-like system.



The Origins of the British

Stephen Oppenheimer's extraordinary scientific detective story combining genetics, linguistics, archaeology and historical record shatters the myths we have come to live by. It demonstrates that the

Families, Prestige Goods, Warriors & Complex Societies: Beaker Groups of the 3rd Millennium cal BC Along the Upper & Middle Danube

  • V. Heyd
  • Geography
    Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
  • 2007
From the Middle Copper Age in the mid-4th millennium cal BC, and throughout the whole Late Copper Age, we observe the emergence of supra-regional, expansionistic ‘cultures’. Originating in south-east

KOCH, JOHN T.: Tartessian. Celtic in the South-west at the Dawn of History

Beyond the Aegean, some of the earliest written records of Europe come from the south-west, what is now southern Portugal and south-west Spain. Herodotus, the 'Father of History', locates the Keltoi

The Longue Durée of genetic ancestry: multiple genetic marker systems and Celtic origins on the Atlantic facade of Europe.

It is shown that mtDNA lineages, when analyzed in sufficiently large numbers, display patterns significantly similar to a large fraction of both Y-chromosome and autosomal variation, indicating a shared ancestry throughout the Atlantic zone, from northern Iberia to western Scandinavia, that dates back to the end of the last Ice Age.

The Prehistory of Scotland

SINCE Prof. Gordon Childe went to Edinburgh, he has made himself master of the ascertained facts regarding Scottish prehistory, and has brought a mind saturated with comparative data to a synthesis

Neolithic Settlement in Ireland and Western Britain

Introduction (Ian Armit, Eileen Murphy, Eimear Nelis and Derek Simpson) French Connections I: Spreading the marmites thinly (Alison Sheridan) French Connections II: Of cows and men (Anne Tresset)

Facing the Ocean: The Atlantic and Its Peoples 8000 BC-AD 1500

1. Perceptions of the Ocean 2. Between Land and Sea 3. Ships and Sailors 4. The Emergence of an Atlantic Identity: 8000-4000 BC 5. Ancestors and Ritual Landscapes: 4000-2700 BC 6. Expanding Networks

Toward a phylogenetic chronology of ancient Gaulish, Celtic, and Indo-European

  • P. ForsterA. Toth
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2003
The phylogenetic network reveals an early split of Celtic within Indo-European, and suggests that the Celtic language arrived in the British Isles as a single wave (and then differentiated locally), rather than in the traditional two-wave scenario.

Cultural Grouping within the British pre-Roman Iron Age

  • F. Hodson
  • History
    Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
  • 1964
In a previous article in these Proceedings I raised some doubts about the current system of classifying the British pre-Roman Iron Age (Hodson 1962). My main criticisms were that the first stage of

Some Pottery from Eastbourne, the ‘Marnians’ and the Pre-Roman Iron Age in Southern England

  • F. Hodson
  • History
    Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society
  • 1962
The pottery illustrated on Plates XXI-XXII and figures 1 and 2 was found some forty years ago by the Rev. W. Budgen at Green Street Drove, Eastbourne (Budgen 1922). It is displayed in the Lewes