A Quasi-stationary Approach to Drying Kinetics of Cylindrical, Food Particulates in a Heat Pump Assisted Fluid Bed Dryer

Abstract

Experiments were undertaken to study drying kinetics of moist cylindrical shaped food particulates during fluidised bed drying. Cylindrical particles were prepared from Green beans with three different length:diameter ratios, 3:1, 2:1 and 1:1. A batch fluidised bed dryer connected to a heat pump system was used for the experimentation. A Heat pump and fluid bed combination was used to increase overall energy efficiency and achieve higher drying rates. Drying kinetics, were evaluated with non-dimensional moisture at three different drying temperatures of 30, 40 and 50 C. Numerous mathematical models can be used to calculate drying kinetics ranging from analytical models with simplified assumptions to empirical models built by regression using experimental data. Empirical models are commonly used for various food materials due to their simpler approach. However problems in accuracy, limits the applications of empirical models. Some limitations of empirical models could be reduced by using semi-empirical models based on heat and mass transfer of the drying operation. One such method is the quasistationary approach. In this study, a modified quasi-stationary approach was used to model drying kinetics of the cylindrical food particles at three drying temperatures.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Senadeera2009AQA, title={A Quasi-stationary Approach to Drying Kinetics of Cylindrical, Food Particulates in a Heat Pump Assisted Fluid Bed Dryer}, author={Wijitha Senadeera}, year={2009} }