A Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing Pneumatic Lithotripsy and Holmium Laser for Management of Middle and Distal Ureteral Calculi.

PURPOSE The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety between pneumatic and holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser in the treatment of patients with ureteral stones located in the middle and distal ureter. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a prospective study in recruiting 982 eligible patients from 2009 to 2012. Patients were… CONTINUE READING