A Prospective Investigation of the Relationship Between Just-World Beliefs and the Desire for Revenge After September 11, 2001

@article{Kaiser2004API,
  title={A Prospective Investigation of the Relationship Between Just-World Beliefs and the Desire for Revenge After September 11, 2001},
  author={Cheryl R. Kaiser and S. Brooke Vick and Brenda Major},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={15},
  pages={503 - 506}
}
We prospectively examined the relationship between individuals' belief in a just world and their desire for revenge against the perpetrators of the September 11 terrorist attacks against the United States. Eighty-three undergraduate students who had completed a measure of just-world beliefs prior to the terrorist attacks were assessed approximately 2 months following the attacks. The more strongly they had endorsed just-world beliefs prior to the attacks, the more distressed they felt about the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Role of Revenge, Denial, and Terrorism Distress in Restoring Just World Beliefs: The Impact of the 2008 Mumbai Attacks on British and Indian Students

The findings indicate that students resident in India along with those who hold strong just world beliefs felt more distress, held a greater desire for revenge, and demonstrated more denial than the British students and those who had weak beliefs in a just world.

Satisfaction with justice and desire for revenge in survivors of the September 11, 2001, attacks on New York City’s World Trade Center

ABSTRACT This study investigated gaps in existing knowledge on justice, desire for revenge, and associated factors in disaster research through data collected nearly three years post disaster on

Who Gets Blamed After a Collective Tragedy? The Role of Distress, Identification With Victims, and Time

Belief in a just world theory (BJWT) restoration strategies were longitudinally examined after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Analyses examined the influence of terrorism-related distress,

Can Psychological Interventions Improve Intergroup Attitudes Post Terror Attacks?

This research concurrently investigated the effectiveness of three established bias-reducing interventions (i.e., positive affirmation, secure attachment, and cognitive dissonance) in the wake of the

War and Torture as “Just Deserts”

This article tests the hypothesis that ordinary people favor punishing badly behaved foreign actors to make them “pay” for their crimes, rather than purely to protect national security interests. In

Conservative Shift Among High-Exposure Survivors of the September 11th Terrorist Attacks

Potentially traumatic events evoke a wide range of responses and outcomes. From a motivated social cognitive approach to ideology, system-threatening events such as 9/11 should increase psychological

Lex talionis in the twenty-first century: revenge ideation and terrorism

ABSTRACT Hamza bin Laden’s declaration of revenge against the U.S. and his subsequent designation as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist indicate a new stage in counterterrorism operations
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES

The Belief in a Just World: A Fundamental Delusion

1. The Belief in a Just World.- 2. The First Experiment: The Effect of Fortuitous Reward.- 3. The Second Experiment: Observers' Reactions to the "Innocent Victim".- 4. The Third Experiment: The

What good are positive emotions in crises? A prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001.

It is suggested that positive emotions in the aftermath of crises buffer resilient people against depression and fuel thriving, consistent with the broaden-and-build theory.

Perceptions of Risk and the Buffering Hypothesis: The Role of Just World Beliefs and Right-Wing Authoritarianism

Although perceptions of risk have been studied extensively by both social and cognitive psychologists, relatively little work has focused on individual differences in these perceptions. Across two

Assumptive Worlds and the Stress of Traumatic Events: Applications of the Schema Construct

Work on the psychological aftermath of traumatic events suggests that people ordinarily operate on the basis of unchallenged, unquestioned assumptions about themselves and the world. A heuristic

Attributions of blame and coping in the "real world": severe accident victims react to their lot.

Analysis of victims' attributions of causality for their accidents and their ability to cope with severe misfortune suggested that blaming another and feeling that one could have avoided the accident were successful predictors of poor coping; self-blame was a successful predictor of good coping.

In the Wake of 9-11: The Psychology of Terror

Terror in America - The Day our World Changed Terror Management Theory - An Evolutionary Existential Account of Human Behaviour Terror Management Research - Coping with Conscious and Unconscious

The Importance of Distinguishing the Belief in a Just World for Self Versus for Others: Implications for Psychological Well-Being

Studies have shown that the belief in a just world (BJW) is related to psychological well-being. The authors suggest that studies exploring this relationship might benefit by making the distinction

Vengefulness: Relationships with Forgiveness, Rumination, Well-Being, and the Big Five

Because forgiveness theory has tended to neglect the role of dispositional factors, the authors present novel theorizing about the nature of vengefulness (the disposition to seek revenge following

Deserving and the Emergence of Forms of Justice1