A Promise Fulfilled? Open Primaries and Representation

@article{Kaufmann2003APF,
  title={A Promise Fulfilled? Open Primaries and Representation},
  author={Karen M. Kaufmann and James G. Gimpel and Adam H. Hoffman},
  journal={The Journal of Politics},
  year={2003},
  volume={65},
  pages={457 - 476}
}
Academics and political practitioners alike have long concerned themselves with the representativeness of primary electorates. Hoping to moderate the ideological extremity of primary voters, state parties have increasingly adopted more open primary eligibility rules. This article explores the extent to which open and modified-open primaries actually attract a more representative electorate than their closed counterparts. Using state-level exit poll data from 1988 through 2000, we compare the… Expand
Open versus closed primaries and the ideological composition of presidential primary electorates
Many journalists, political reformers and social scientists assume that electorates in open versus closed primaries are distinctive, especially in terms of their ideological orientations. BecauseExpand
Primary Elections and Candidate Strength in
Political parties throughout Latin America rely increasingly on primary elections to select candidates for public office. Where they are adopted, primaries are generally touted as moves towardExpand
Institution of Nomination and the Policy Ideology of Primary Electorates
Many hypothesize that the divergence between Democratic and Republican members of Congress is partly attributable to partisan primary elections. Yet most empirical evidence on the influence ofExpand
Why primaries? The party’s tradeoff between policy and valence
Our theory studies why and when political parties choose to hold competitive primary elections. Party leaders can decide the nomination by granting resources and endorsements to a chosen candidate.Expand
Primaries Through the Looking Glass: The Electoral Effects of Opening the Selection of Top Candidates
Abstract This article revisits the foundations of prior research on the effects of plebiscitarian selection mechanisms on candidates' electoral strength. While previous studies do not nest politicalExpand
Electoral competition with primaries and quality asymmetries January 3 , 2018
  • 2018
We introduce primaries –both closed and open– into aDownsianmodel of two-party electoral competition allowing the two candidates in each party’s primary to differ in valence as well as in policyExpand
Why Primaries ?
We elaborate a theory to explain why and when political parties choose to hold primary elections. Party leaders face a trade-off between primary elections and elite-centered selections. The benefitExpand
The Eect of Institutions on Primary Vote Choice
The 2008 presidential nomination process provides us with a unique opportunity to examine the effect of institutions on voting behavior. The varying length and competitiveness of the Democratic andExpand
Turning Out Unlikely Voters? A Field Experiment in the Top-Two Primary
Those who turn out in American primary elections are a small and unrepresentative subset of the population. Why do citizens forgo participation in nominating contests yet vote in general elections?Expand
Why Don't People Vote in Primaries? Assessing Theoretical Explanations for Reduced Participation in Primary Elections
Primary election participation in the United States is consistently lower than general election turnout. Despite this well-documented voting gap, we know surprisingly little about theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES
Turnout and Representation in Presidential Primary Elections
This paper provides a partial test of the widely-held assumption that preference primaries are the most representative element of the presidential nominating system. It notes that the average votingExpand
The Two Electorates: Voters and Non-Voters in a Wisconsin Primary
GNE OF THE United States' most unique political institutions, the direct primary has been studied from several different perspectives. Some political scientists have focused upon the role of partyExpand
Rules Governing Presidential Primaries
  • J. Geer
  • Political Science
  • The Journal of Politics
  • 1986
Many observers of American politics have been highly critical of the proliferation of primaries that occurred in the 1970s. One of the reasons given for this unfavorable assessment is that the directExpand
The Representativeness of Primary Elections: Ohio, 1968
Moore and Hofstetter carry further the discussion of the representativeness of direct primary voters, commenting on the Wisconsin studies and the Amsterdam studies published in Polity in 1972. AreExpand
Ideological Representativeness of Presidential Primary Voters
Contrary to conventional wisdom and previous research, this article finds little evidence that presidential primary voters are ideologically unrepresentative. In drawing this conclusion, twoExpand
Presidential Primaries and the Dynamics of Public Choice
This innovative study blends sophisticated statistical analyses, campaign anecdotes, and penetrating political insight to produce a fascinating exploration of one of America's most controversialExpand
Nomination Choices: Caucus and Primary Outcomes, 1976-88
Primaries and caucuses now determine the Democratic and Republican parties' presidential nominations. While several political scientists have investigated the voting behavior of individual primaryExpand
Party Competition and the Prisoner's Dilemma: An Argument for the Direct Primary
A commonly held belief among students of American politics is that competition within political parties undermines the ability of parties to foster the democratic control of government. This essayExpand
Registration, Turnout, and the Electoral Representativeness of U.S. State Electorates
This study examines state-level political participation in an analysis that integrates registration, turnout, and the representativeness of U.S. state electorates. The authors use data aggregatedExpand
The Representatives of the Direct Primary: A Further Test of V.O. Key's Thesis
The authors question the general rule argued by V. O. Key that the primary participants differ significantly from the general election participants. Testing this principle, they interviewed samplesExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...