A Pro504 --> Ser substitution in the beta-subunit of beta-hexosaminidase A inhibits alpha-subunit hydrolysis of GM2 ganglioside, resulting in chronic Sandhoff disease.

@article{Hou1998AP,
  title={A Pro504 --> Ser substitution in the beta-subunit of beta-hexosaminidase A inhibits alpha-subunit hydrolysis of GM2 ganglioside, resulting in chronic Sandhoff disease.},
  author={Y S Hou and Brenda McInnes and Aleksander Hinek and George Karpati and Don Joseph Mahuran},
  journal={The Journal of biological chemistry},
  year={1998},
  volume={273 33},
  pages={21386-92}
}
The GM2 gangliosidoses are caused by mutations in the genes encoding the alpha- (Tay-Sachs) or beta- (Sandhoff) subunits of heterodimeric beta-hexosaminidase A (Hex A), or the GM2 activator protein (AB variant), a substrate-specific co-factor for Hex A. Although the active site associated with the hydrolysis of GM2 ganglioside, as well as part of the binding site for the ganglioside-activator complex, is associated with the alpha-subunit, elements of the beta-subunit are also involved. Missense… CONTINUE READING