A Pro-Nerve Growth Factor (proNGF) and NGF Binding Protein, α2-Macroglobulin, Differentially Regulates p75 and TrkA Receptors and Is Relevant to Neurodegeneration Ex Vivo and In Vivo.

@article{Barcelona2015APG,
  title={A Pro-Nerve Growth Factor (proNGF) and NGF Binding Protein, α2-Macroglobulin, Differentially Regulates p75 and TrkA Receptors and Is Relevant to Neurodegeneration Ex Vivo and In Vivo.},
  author={Pablo F. Barcelona and H Uri Saragovi},
  journal={Molecular and cellular biology},
  year={2015},
  volume={35 19},
  pages={3396-408}
}
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is generated from a precursor, proNGF, that is proteolytically processed. NGF preferentially binds a trophic tyrosine kinase receptor, TrkA, while proNGF binds a neurotrophin receptor (NTR), p75(NTR), that can have neurotoxic activity. Previously, we along with others showed that the soluble protein α2-macroglobulin (α2M) is neurotoxic. Toxicity is due in part to α2M binding to NGF and inhibiting trophic activity, presumably by preventing NGF binding to TrkA. However… CONTINUE READING